Optimization of the microstructure of porous electrodes plays an important role in the enhancement of the performance of solidoxidefuelcells. For this, microstructural models based on percolation theory have proven useful for the estimation of the effectivematerial properties of the electrodematerial, assumed to consist of a binary mixture of spherical electron and ion conducting particles. In this work, we propose an extension of prior approaches for calculating the effectivesize of the three-phase boundary, which we judge to be physically more sound and, in particular, well suited for characterizing mixtures of particles of different sizes. This approach is then employed in a one-dimensional cell level model encompassing the entire set of processes of gas transport, electronic and ionic conduction as well as the electrochemical reactions. The impact of the electron and ion conducting particlesizes, their volumefraction and their sizeratio on the performance of the fuelcell are investigated in a parametric study. Under certain conditions, cathode microstructures having electronic conducting particles of size different from that of the ionic conducting particles become preferable and yield a higher maximum power density when compared to the best possible configuration of monodisperse particles.
- solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
- three-phase boundary
- percolation theory
- composite electrode
- multi-physics modeling