Impairments in theory of mind shortly after traumatic brain injury and at 1 year follow-up

Maarten Valentijn Milders, Magdalena Ietswaart, John Robertson Crawford, D. Currie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most studies into acquired theory of mind (ToM) deficits assessed patients once, long after the onset of brain injury. As a result, the time course of acquired ToM impairments is largely unknown. The present study examined whether ToM impairments following traumatic brain injury (TBI) recover, remain stable, or worsen over time. Because of the alleged association between ToM and social communication, ToM impairments may deteriorate because of changes in patients' social environment following injury, ToM ability and executive functioning were assessed shortly after injury and at I-year follow-up. Compared with the orthopedic control group, the TBI group was impaired on ToM and executive functioning tasks at both assessments. Furthermore, the ToM impairments in the TBI group remained stable over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-408
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • traumatic brain injury
  • theory of mind
  • executive function
  • recovery
  • follow-up
  • CLOSED-HEAD INJURY
  • SOCIAL COGNITION
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT
  • FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA
  • LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
  • ACQUIRED THEORY
  • CHILDREN
  • PERFORMANCE
  • DISEASE
  • BELIEF

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