Importance of early selective thinning in the development of long-term stand stability and improved log quality: a review

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Abstract

There is increasing evidence that a decline in the practice of selective thinning in Britain may in part explain an observed reduction in log quality in recent years. The decline in use of selective thinning has been primarily influenced by the low value of early thinnings together with increasing pressure to make a financial surplus on harvesting operations. Since systematic or delayed thinning, used to improve the short-term economics, may result in stand instability, the no-thinning option has been widely adopted in stands at risk of damage by wind and snow or where a financial surplus on early selective thinnings is not possible. This review sets out to demonstrate that non-commercial, early selective thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment in future log quality and value without compromising stand stability. Low thinnings do not greatly destabilize stands even on exposed sites if carried out on time and will improve stability in the long term. While early low thinnings are unlikely to make a financial surplus on the operation, they significantly enhance the production of quality 'green' logs in comparison with a no-thinning regime. Evidence presented in this paper indicates that the wood-using industry is willing to pay a premium for this quality. The combination of these factors suggest that non-commercial, early low thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment using discounted cash flow methods. The implications of other silvicultural strategies, such as wide initial spacing, respacing, chemical thinning and self-thinning mixtures, on stand stability and wood quality are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalForestry the Journal of the Society of Foresters of Great Britain
Volume75
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • SITCHENSIS BONG. CARR.
  • SITKA SPRUCE
  • PICEA-SITCHENSIS
  • WOOD PROPERTIES
  • PINUS-SYLVESTRIS
  • NURSING MIXTURES
  • TREE STABILITY
  • WIND DAMAGE
  • SNOW
  • STEM

Cite this

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title = "Importance of early selective thinning in the development of long-term stand stability and improved log quality: a review",
abstract = "There is increasing evidence that a decline in the practice of selective thinning in Britain may in part explain an observed reduction in log quality in recent years. The decline in use of selective thinning has been primarily influenced by the low value of early thinnings together with increasing pressure to make a financial surplus on harvesting operations. Since systematic or delayed thinning, used to improve the short-term economics, may result in stand instability, the no-thinning option has been widely adopted in stands at risk of damage by wind and snow or where a financial surplus on early selective thinnings is not possible. This review sets out to demonstrate that non-commercial, early selective thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment in future log quality and value without compromising stand stability. Low thinnings do not greatly destabilize stands even on exposed sites if carried out on time and will improve stability in the long term. While early low thinnings are unlikely to make a financial surplus on the operation, they significantly enhance the production of quality 'green' logs in comparison with a no-thinning regime. Evidence presented in this paper indicates that the wood-using industry is willing to pay a premium for this quality. The combination of these factors suggest that non-commercial, early low thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment using discounted cash flow methods. The implications of other silvicultural strategies, such as wide initial spacing, respacing, chemical thinning and self-thinning mixtures, on stand stability and wood quality are also discussed.",
keywords = "SITCHENSIS BONG. CARR., SITKA SPRUCE, PICEA-SITCHENSIS, WOOD PROPERTIES, PINUS-SYLVESTRIS, NURSING MIXTURES, TREE STABILITY, WIND DAMAGE, SNOW, STEM",
author = "Cameron, {A D}",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "25--35",
journal = "Forestry the Journal of the Society of Foresters of Great Britain",
issn = "0015-752X",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Importance of early selective thinning in the development of long-term stand stability and improved log quality: a review

AU - Cameron, A D

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - There is increasing evidence that a decline in the practice of selective thinning in Britain may in part explain an observed reduction in log quality in recent years. The decline in use of selective thinning has been primarily influenced by the low value of early thinnings together with increasing pressure to make a financial surplus on harvesting operations. Since systematic or delayed thinning, used to improve the short-term economics, may result in stand instability, the no-thinning option has been widely adopted in stands at risk of damage by wind and snow or where a financial surplus on early selective thinnings is not possible. This review sets out to demonstrate that non-commercial, early selective thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment in future log quality and value without compromising stand stability. Low thinnings do not greatly destabilize stands even on exposed sites if carried out on time and will improve stability in the long term. While early low thinnings are unlikely to make a financial surplus on the operation, they significantly enhance the production of quality 'green' logs in comparison with a no-thinning regime. Evidence presented in this paper indicates that the wood-using industry is willing to pay a premium for this quality. The combination of these factors suggest that non-commercial, early low thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment using discounted cash flow methods. The implications of other silvicultural strategies, such as wide initial spacing, respacing, chemical thinning and self-thinning mixtures, on stand stability and wood quality are also discussed.

AB - There is increasing evidence that a decline in the practice of selective thinning in Britain may in part explain an observed reduction in log quality in recent years. The decline in use of selective thinning has been primarily influenced by the low value of early thinnings together with increasing pressure to make a financial surplus on harvesting operations. Since systematic or delayed thinning, used to improve the short-term economics, may result in stand instability, the no-thinning option has been widely adopted in stands at risk of damage by wind and snow or where a financial surplus on early selective thinnings is not possible. This review sets out to demonstrate that non-commercial, early selective thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment in future log quality and value without compromising stand stability. Low thinnings do not greatly destabilize stands even on exposed sites if carried out on time and will improve stability in the long term. While early low thinnings are unlikely to make a financial surplus on the operation, they significantly enhance the production of quality 'green' logs in comparison with a no-thinning regime. Evidence presented in this paper indicates that the wood-using industry is willing to pay a premium for this quality. The combination of these factors suggest that non-commercial, early low thinnings can be seen as a long-term investment using discounted cash flow methods. The implications of other silvicultural strategies, such as wide initial spacing, respacing, chemical thinning and self-thinning mixtures, on stand stability and wood quality are also discussed.

KW - SITCHENSIS BONG. CARR.

KW - SITKA SPRUCE

KW - PICEA-SITCHENSIS

KW - WOOD PROPERTIES

KW - PINUS-SYLVESTRIS

KW - NURSING MIXTURES

KW - TREE STABILITY

KW - WIND DAMAGE

KW - SNOW

KW - STEM

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 25

EP - 35

JO - Forestry the Journal of the Society of Foresters of Great Britain

JF - Forestry the Journal of the Society of Foresters of Great Britain

SN - 0015-752X

ER -