Improving the normalization of complex interventions: measure development based on normalization process theory (NoMAD): study protocol

Tracy L Finch, Tim Rapley, Melissa Girling, Frances S Mair, Elizabeth Murray, Shaun Treweek, Elaine McColl, Ian Nicholas Steen, Carl R May

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Understanding implementation processes is key to ensuring that complex interventions in healthcare are taken up in practice and thus maximize intended benefits for service provision and (ultimately) care to patients. Normalization Process Theory (NPT) provides a framework for understanding how a new intervention becomes part of normal practice. This study aims to develop and validate simple generic tools derived from NPT, to be used to improve the implementation of complex healthcare interventions.

Objectives
The objectives of this study are to: develop a set of NPT-based measures and formatively evaluate their use for identifying implementation problems and monitoring progress; conduct preliminary evaluation of these measures across a range of interventions and contexts, and identify factors that affect this process; explore the utility of these measures for predicting outcomes; and develop an online users’ manual for the measures.

Methods
A combination of qualitative (workshops, item development, user feedback, cognitive interviews) and quantitative (survey) methods will be used to develop NPT measures, and test the utility of the measures in six healthcare intervention settings.

Discussion
The measures developed in the study will be available for use by those involved in planning, implementing, and evaluating complex interventions in healthcare and have the potential to enhance the chances of their implementation, leading to sustained changes in working practices.
Original languageEnglish
Article number43
JournalImplementation Science
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • normalization process theory
  • NPT
  • implementation process
  • survey
  • instrument development
  • complex interventions

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