Income-based variation in Sustainable Development Goal interaction networks

David Lusseau (Corresponding Author), Francesca Mancini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to change the way we live, and aim to create, by 2030, a sustainable future balancing equitable prosperity within planetary boundaries. Human, economic and natural resources must be used in tandem to achieve the SDGs; therefore, acting to resolve one SDG can impair or improve our ability to meet others that may need these resources to be used in different ways. Trade-offs arising from these SDG interactions are a key hurdle for SDG implementation. We estimate the network of SDG interactions—the sustainome—using global time series of SDG indicators for countries with different income levels. We analyse the network architecture to determine the hurdles and opportunities to maximize SDG implementation through their interactions. The relative contributions of SDGs to global sustainable success differ by country income. They also differ depending on whether we consider SDG goals or targets. However, limiting climate change, reducing inequalities and responsible consumption are key hurdles to achieving 2030 goals across countries. Focusing on poverty alleviation and reducing inequalities will have compound positive effects on all SDGs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalNature Sustainability
Volume2
Issue number3
Early online date4 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Income
Interaction
Sustainable development
Trade-offs
Income level
Resources
Climate change
Human resources
Economic resources
United Nations
Natural resources
Prosperity
Poverty alleviation

Keywords

  • global goals
  • sustainable development goals
  • network science
  • sustainome
  • sustainomics
  • sustainability

Cite this

Income-based variation in Sustainable Development Goal interaction networks. / Lusseau, David (Corresponding Author); Mancini, Francesca.

In: Nature Sustainability, Vol. 2, No. 3, 03.2019, p. 242-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are set to change the way we live, and aim to create, by 2030, a sustainable future balancing equitable prosperity within planetary boundaries. Human, economic and natural resources must be used in tandem to achieve the SDGs; therefore, acting to resolve one SDG can impair or improve our ability to meet others that may need these resources to be used in different ways. Trade-offs arising from these SDG interactions are a key hurdle for SDG implementation. We estimate the network of SDG interactions—the sustainome—using global time series of SDG indicators for countries with different income levels. We analyse the network architecture to determine the hurdles and opportunities to maximize SDG implementation through their interactions. The relative contributions of SDGs to global sustainable success differ by country income. They also differ depending on whether we consider SDG goals or targets. However, limiting climate change, reducing inequalities and responsible consumption are key hurdles to achieving 2030 goals across countries. Focusing on poverty alleviation and reducing inequalities will have compound positive effects on all SDGs.",
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