Indexicals and utterance production

Dylan Dodd, Paula Sweeney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We highlight various non-standard mechanisms of communication to both motivate our response to what is known as the ‘answering machine paradoxes’ and to shed light on recent variants of these cases. We claim that the most intuitive solution to these paradoxes requires one to distinguish between the agent (of a context), the tokening of a sentence and the agent’s chosen mechanism of communicating this tokening.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-348
Number of pages18
JournalPhilosophical Studies
Issue number3
Early online date26 May 2009
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010


  • answering machine paradox
  • indexicals
  • context of utterance
  • Kaplan
  • Predelli
  • pure and impure indexicals


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