Two mature clones of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) that have previously been shown to have differential degrees of resistance towards the necrotrophic pathogen Heterobasidion parviporum (Niemelä & Korhonen) were compared with respect to the primed defense expression of transcripts related to biosynthesis of lignin, stilbenes and other phenolic compounds from one year to the next. The host's response to physical wounding and pathogen inoculation was examined in the initial year, whereas indications of heightened basal defense level or primed response, and responses to re-wounding, were examined the following year. The responses of the two clones to wounding and pathogen inoculation, examined in the initial year, differed; the increases in lignin and phenolics were more distinct in response to the pathogen than to wounding alone. The more resistant clone 589 had higher initial lignin concentrations in the cell walls when compared with clone 409, and these remained higher in clone 589 over both years and increased after the treatments. Both clones responded at the transcriptional and chemical levels to wounding; changes were evident both in the initial wounds and when re-wounded the following year. There were distinct differences in the basal transcript levels of the lignin pathway-related genes, phenolics and total lignin levels in healthy tissue from the initial year to the following year indicative of a primed host response or at least altered constitutive level of defense expression.
- Heterobasidion annosum
- Picea abies
- real-time RT-PCR
Fossdal, C. G., Nagy, N., Hietela, A., Kvaalen, H., Slimestad, R., Woodward, S., & Solheim, H. (2012). Indications of heightened constitutive or primed host response affecting the lignin pathway transcripts and phenolics in mature Norway spruce clones. Tree Physiology, 32(9), 1137-1147. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tps073