Individual Differences in (Non-Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect

Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup, C. Neil Macrae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research suggests that individuals with relatively weak global precedence (i.e., a smaller propensity to view visual stimuli in a configural manner) show a reduced face inversion effect (FIE). Coupled with such findings, a number of recent studies have demonstrated links between an advantage for feature-based processing and the presentation of traits associated with autism among the general population. The present study sought to bridge these findings by investigating whether a relationship exists between the possession of autism-associated traits (i.e., as indicated by individuals’“autism quotient” [(AQ) and the size of the FIE. Participants completed an on-line study in which the AQ was measured prior to a standard face recognition task where half of the faces were inverted at test. The results confirmed that higher AQ levels were predictive of smaller FIEs. Implications for a common underlying factor relating to processing orientation are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number-
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalCognitive Science
Volume36
Issue number2
Early online date23 Jan 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

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Individuality
Autistic Disorder
Processing
Face recognition
Research
Population
Facial Recognition

Keywords

  • autism-spectrum quotient
  • face inversion effect
  • configural versus feature-based processing

Cite this

Individual Differences in (Non-Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect. / Wyer, Natalie A. ; Martin, Douglas; Pickup, Tracey; Macrae, C. Neil.

In: Cognitive Science, Vol. 36, No. 2, -, 03.2012, p. 373-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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