Aims: To induce, cultivate and investigate the characteristics of L-form bacteria derived from the filamentous actinomycete Streptomyces viridifaciens.
Methods and Results: L-forms were induced in a liquid medium supplemented with lysozyme and penicillin. A stable culture which no longer required inducing agents but could still revert, was obtained by the twelfth subculture. The specific growth rate of stable L-forms was faster (0.751) than unstable L-forms (0.361). After the exponential growth phase, the cell diameter continued to increase, as did the percentage of vacuoles. Morphologically, the L-forms appeared as spherical bodies with no signs of differentiation and were sensitive to osmotic stress, indicating removal of the cell wall. The L-forms produced secondary metabolites although much lower levels of antibiotic were assayed in the L-forms compared with the cell walled forms.
Conclusions: Stable L-form bacteria were induced from S. viridifaciens and their growth characterized. The L-forms produced secondary metabolites.
Significance and Impact of the Study: Stable Streptomyces L-forms were induced and have potential as biocontrol agents.
- SYRINGAE PV PHASEOLICOLA
- STABLE L-FORM