Inflammatory cytokines provide limited early prognostic information in emergancy department patients with suspected myocardial ischemia

Graham Scott Hillis, C. A. Terregino, P. Taggart, A. Killian, A. Mangione

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Study objective: The aim of this study was to assess the early prognostic value of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor a in a cohort of emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain who have suspected myocardial ischemia.

    Methods: One hundred eighteen patients with chest pain presenting to 2 urban EDs were studied. Interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels were assayed at presentation. The end point was the occurrence of a serious cardiac event (death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, or readmission with an acute coronary syndrome) during the index admission or subsequent 3 months.

    Results: Mean levels of all 3 cytokines were higher among patients experiencing a serious cardiac event, with the greatest differences observed in levels of interleukin 6 (mean 2.5 pg/mL [95% confidence interval (Cl) 1.2 to 3.7 pg/mL] versus mean 9.8 pg/mL [95% Cl 2.4 to 17.2 pg/mL]). Interleukin 6 had a sensitivity of 35% (95% Cl 20% to 54%), a specificity of 86% (95% Cl 76% to 92%), and an overall prognostic accuracy of 71% (95% Cl 63% to 79%) for predicting serious cardiac events. However, logistic regression analysis revealed that the only independent predictor of an adverse outcome was an ECG suggestive of ischemia at presentation.

    Conclusion: Among patients presenting to the ED with suspected myocardial ischemia, higher levels of inflammatory cytokines are associated with an increased risk of a serious cardiac event during the subsequent 3 months. There is, however, considerable overlap in levels among patients who do and do not have a serious cardiac event, limiting their utility as predictors of outcome in individual patients.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)337-342
    Number of pages5
    JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
    Volume42
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES
    • UNSTABLE ANGINA
    • ARTERY DISEASE
    • INTERLEUKIN-6
    • INFARCTION

    Cite this

    Inflammatory cytokines provide limited early prognostic information in emergancy department patients with suspected myocardial ischemia. / Hillis, Graham Scott; Terregino, C. A.; Taggart, P.; Killian, A.; Mangione, A.

    In: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 42, 2003, p. 337-342.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hillis, Graham Scott ; Terregino, C. A. ; Taggart, P. ; Killian, A. ; Mangione, A. / Inflammatory cytokines provide limited early prognostic information in emergancy department patients with suspected myocardial ischemia. In: Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 42. pp. 337-342.
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    abstract = "Study objective: The aim of this study was to assess the early prognostic value of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor a in a cohort of emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain who have suspected myocardial ischemia.Methods: One hundred eighteen patients with chest pain presenting to 2 urban EDs were studied. Interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels were assayed at presentation. The end point was the occurrence of a serious cardiac event (death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, or readmission with an acute coronary syndrome) during the index admission or subsequent 3 months.Results: Mean levels of all 3 cytokines were higher among patients experiencing a serious cardiac event, with the greatest differences observed in levels of interleukin 6 (mean 2.5 pg/mL [95{\%} confidence interval (Cl) 1.2 to 3.7 pg/mL] versus mean 9.8 pg/mL [95{\%} Cl 2.4 to 17.2 pg/mL]). Interleukin 6 had a sensitivity of 35{\%} (95{\%} Cl 20{\%} to 54{\%}), a specificity of 86{\%} (95{\%} Cl 76{\%} to 92{\%}), and an overall prognostic accuracy of 71{\%} (95{\%} Cl 63{\%} to 79{\%}) for predicting serious cardiac events. However, logistic regression analysis revealed that the only independent predictor of an adverse outcome was an ECG suggestive of ischemia at presentation.Conclusion: Among patients presenting to the ED with suspected myocardial ischemia, higher levels of inflammatory cytokines are associated with an increased risk of a serious cardiac event during the subsequent 3 months. There is, however, considerable overlap in levels among patients who do and do not have a serious cardiac event, limiting their utility as predictors of outcome in individual patients.",
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    T1 - Inflammatory cytokines provide limited early prognostic information in emergancy department patients with suspected myocardial ischemia

    AU - Hillis, Graham Scott

    AU - Terregino, C. A.

    AU - Taggart, P.

    AU - Killian, A.

    AU - Mangione, A.

    PY - 2003

    Y1 - 2003

    N2 - Study objective: The aim of this study was to assess the early prognostic value of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor a in a cohort of emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain who have suspected myocardial ischemia.Methods: One hundred eighteen patients with chest pain presenting to 2 urban EDs were studied. Interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels were assayed at presentation. The end point was the occurrence of a serious cardiac event (death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, or readmission with an acute coronary syndrome) during the index admission or subsequent 3 months.Results: Mean levels of all 3 cytokines were higher among patients experiencing a serious cardiac event, with the greatest differences observed in levels of interleukin 6 (mean 2.5 pg/mL [95% confidence interval (Cl) 1.2 to 3.7 pg/mL] versus mean 9.8 pg/mL [95% Cl 2.4 to 17.2 pg/mL]). Interleukin 6 had a sensitivity of 35% (95% Cl 20% to 54%), a specificity of 86% (95% Cl 76% to 92%), and an overall prognostic accuracy of 71% (95% Cl 63% to 79%) for predicting serious cardiac events. However, logistic regression analysis revealed that the only independent predictor of an adverse outcome was an ECG suggestive of ischemia at presentation.Conclusion: Among patients presenting to the ED with suspected myocardial ischemia, higher levels of inflammatory cytokines are associated with an increased risk of a serious cardiac event during the subsequent 3 months. There is, however, considerable overlap in levels among patients who do and do not have a serious cardiac event, limiting their utility as predictors of outcome in individual patients.

    AB - Study objective: The aim of this study was to assess the early prognostic value of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor a in a cohort of emergency department (ED) patients with chest pain who have suspected myocardial ischemia.Methods: One hundred eighteen patients with chest pain presenting to 2 urban EDs were studied. Interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels were assayed at presentation. The end point was the occurrence of a serious cardiac event (death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization, or readmission with an acute coronary syndrome) during the index admission or subsequent 3 months.Results: Mean levels of all 3 cytokines were higher among patients experiencing a serious cardiac event, with the greatest differences observed in levels of interleukin 6 (mean 2.5 pg/mL [95% confidence interval (Cl) 1.2 to 3.7 pg/mL] versus mean 9.8 pg/mL [95% Cl 2.4 to 17.2 pg/mL]). Interleukin 6 had a sensitivity of 35% (95% Cl 20% to 54%), a specificity of 86% (95% Cl 76% to 92%), and an overall prognostic accuracy of 71% (95% Cl 63% to 79%) for predicting serious cardiac events. However, logistic regression analysis revealed that the only independent predictor of an adverse outcome was an ECG suggestive of ischemia at presentation.Conclusion: Among patients presenting to the ED with suspected myocardial ischemia, higher levels of inflammatory cytokines are associated with an increased risk of a serious cardiac event during the subsequent 3 months. There is, however, considerable overlap in levels among patients who do and do not have a serious cardiac event, limiting their utility as predictors of outcome in individual patients.

    KW - ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROMES

    KW - UNSTABLE ANGINA

    KW - ARTERY DISEASE

    KW - INTERLEUKIN-6

    KW - INFARCTION

    U2 - 10.1016/S0196-0644(03)00506-7

    DO - 10.1016/S0196-0644(03)00506-7

    M3 - Article

    VL - 42

    SP - 337

    EP - 342

    JO - Annals of Emergency Medicine

    JF - Annals of Emergency Medicine

    SN - 0196-0644

    ER -