Influence of 1,10-phenanthroline and its analogues, other chelators and transition metal ions on dipeptidase activity of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola

R. J. Wallace, N. McKain

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Prevotella ruminicola plays a prominent role in the breakdown of peptides in the rumen, a process which contributes to excessive ammonia production and inefficient nitrogen retention in ruminants. Various metal ions and chelators were examined to assess how the metal ion-dependent dipeptidase activity of P. ruminicola M384 might be inhibited. Using sonicated extracts, Cu, Cr and Hg were most inhibitory, decreasing Ala breakdown to 15, 15 and 5% of control activity, whereas Co, MN and Zn stimulated activity by 189, 30 and 26%, respectively. The chelators, EDTA, EGTA, TPEN and 1,10-phenanthroline, were inhibitory, as were several phenanthroline analogues. Among the stereoisomers of 1,10-phenanthroline tested, derivatives methylated on C-2 and C-9 were less effective than the parent molecule, but 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthrol (TMP) was more inhibitory. Titration of the most effective inhibitors showed that EDTA, TPEN and TMP had similar potency and were effective at 0.1 mmol l and above. Thus some metal ions and chelators are potent inhibitors of P. ruminicola dipeptidase, although they are unlikely to be sufficiently specific to peptide metabolism to be useful in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Bacteriology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996


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