Inhibin βB expression in murine adipose tissue and its regulation by leptin, insulin and dexamethasone

Nigel Hoggard, Morven Cruickshank, Kim-Marie Moar, Perry Barrett, Shabina Bashir, John D B Miller

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhibin betaB (INHBB; coding for the activin betaB subunit) has previously been identified in both human and rodent adipose tissue and using Taqman real-time PCR with specific primers we confirm the expression of INHBB mRNA in rodent adipose tissue. Expression of INHBB in murine epididymal adipose tissue was higher than in any of the other tissues studied and appears to be regulated by changes in energy balance and leptin. It was increased fourfold in the epididymal fat depot of ob/ob mice compared with the same fat depot in lean mice. The i.p. administration of leptin in obese ob/ob mice decreases the expression of INHBB. In human adipose tissue, INHBB is reduced by weight loss. In keeping with this, we demonstrate that INHBB expression in murine adipose tissue is decreased in fasting and increased upon refeeding. We show that INHBB is expressed in both the mature adipocyte and the stromal vascular fraction of adipose tissue. INHBB increases with the differentiation of pre-adipocytes into mature adipocytes in the 3T3-L1 cell line. In differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes, where receptors to activin have been previously reported, insulin increases the expression of INHBB, while dexamethasone decreases the expression of INHBB when compared with untreated control cells. Taken together, these results suggest that the regulation of INHBB expression in adipose tissue may play a physiological role in energy balance or the insulin insensitivity associated with obesity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Endocrinology
Volume43
Issue number4
Early online date2 Jun 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009

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Keywords

  • 3T3-L1 cells
  • adipocytes
  • adipose tissue
  • animals
  • cell differentiation
  • cells, cultured
  • dexamethasone
  • fasting
  • gene expression regulation
  • inhibin-beta subunits
  • insulin
  • leptin
  • male
  • mice
  • mice, inbred C57BL
  • mice, obese
  • polymerase chain reaction

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