Institutionalization, policy adaptation, and European foreign policy cooperation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The expansion of European Union (EU) foreign policy cooperation since 1970 presents a number of puzzles for theorists of regional integration and International Relations. It is not directed by supranational organizations, does not involve bargaining over policy alternatives, and is not dominated by the largest EU states. Nor do the EU’s common foreign policy decisions reflect ‘lowest common denominator’ preferences. Instead, cooperation has been achieved through decentralized institutional mechanisms, involving processes associated with both intergovernmental and social constructivist theories. This article first explains how changes in institutional context — in terms of intergovernmental, transgovernmental and supranational procedures — affect the propensity for cooperation. It then links processes of institutionalization to an expansion of foreign policy cooperation among EU member states. Finally, it explores three policy areas (the Middle East, South Africa and nuclear non-proliferation) where EU states have adjusted their national foreign policies in line with EU foreign policy norms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-136
Number of pages43
JournalEuropean Journal of International Relations
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

European foreign policy
institutionalization
foreign policy
European cooperation
regional integration
policy area
Middle East
international relations
EU

Keywords

  • common foreign and security policy
  • European Union foreign policy
  • European political cooperation
  • institutionalization
  • international cooperation
  • international relations theory
  • security policy
  • community
  • integration
  • identity
  • union

Cite this

Institutionalization, policy adaptation, and European foreign policy cooperation. / Smith, Michael E.

In: European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 10, No. 1, 03.2004, p. 95-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{959c80c0ac0e40a79b0fb4fd83d2f581,
title = "Institutionalization, policy adaptation, and European foreign policy cooperation",
abstract = "The expansion of European Union (EU) foreign policy cooperation since 1970 presents a number of puzzles for theorists of regional integration and International Relations. It is not directed by supranational organizations, does not involve bargaining over policy alternatives, and is not dominated by the largest EU states. Nor do the EU’s common foreign policy decisions reflect ‘lowest common denominator’ preferences. Instead, cooperation has been achieved through decentralized institutional mechanisms, involving processes associated with both intergovernmental and social constructivist theories. This article first explains how changes in institutional context — in terms of intergovernmental, transgovernmental and supranational procedures — affect the propensity for cooperation. It then links processes of institutionalization to an expansion of foreign policy cooperation among EU member states. Finally, it explores three policy areas (the Middle East, South Africa and nuclear non-proliferation) where EU states have adjusted their national foreign policies in line with EU foreign policy norms.",
keywords = "common foreign and security policy, European Union foreign policy, European political cooperation, institutionalization, international cooperation, international relations theory, security policy, community, integration , identity, union",
author = "Smith, {Michael E}",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1177/1354066104040570",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "95--136",
journal = "European Journal of International Relations",
issn = "1354-0661",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Institutionalization, policy adaptation, and European foreign policy cooperation

AU - Smith, Michael E

PY - 2004/3

Y1 - 2004/3

N2 - The expansion of European Union (EU) foreign policy cooperation since 1970 presents a number of puzzles for theorists of regional integration and International Relations. It is not directed by supranational organizations, does not involve bargaining over policy alternatives, and is not dominated by the largest EU states. Nor do the EU’s common foreign policy decisions reflect ‘lowest common denominator’ preferences. Instead, cooperation has been achieved through decentralized institutional mechanisms, involving processes associated with both intergovernmental and social constructivist theories. This article first explains how changes in institutional context — in terms of intergovernmental, transgovernmental and supranational procedures — affect the propensity for cooperation. It then links processes of institutionalization to an expansion of foreign policy cooperation among EU member states. Finally, it explores three policy areas (the Middle East, South Africa and nuclear non-proliferation) where EU states have adjusted their national foreign policies in line with EU foreign policy norms.

AB - The expansion of European Union (EU) foreign policy cooperation since 1970 presents a number of puzzles for theorists of regional integration and International Relations. It is not directed by supranational organizations, does not involve bargaining over policy alternatives, and is not dominated by the largest EU states. Nor do the EU’s common foreign policy decisions reflect ‘lowest common denominator’ preferences. Instead, cooperation has been achieved through decentralized institutional mechanisms, involving processes associated with both intergovernmental and social constructivist theories. This article first explains how changes in institutional context — in terms of intergovernmental, transgovernmental and supranational procedures — affect the propensity for cooperation. It then links processes of institutionalization to an expansion of foreign policy cooperation among EU member states. Finally, it explores three policy areas (the Middle East, South Africa and nuclear non-proliferation) where EU states have adjusted their national foreign policies in line with EU foreign policy norms.

KW - common foreign and security policy

KW - European Union foreign policy

KW - European political cooperation

KW - institutionalization

KW - international cooperation

KW - international relations theory

KW - security policy

KW - community

KW - integration

KW - identity

KW - union

U2 - 10.1177/1354066104040570

DO - 10.1177/1354066104040570

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 95

EP - 136

JO - European Journal of International Relations

JF - European Journal of International Relations

SN - 1354-0661

IS - 1

ER -