Integrating chytrid fungal parasites into plankton ecology: research gaps and needs

Thijs Frenken, Elisabet Alacid, Stella A. Berger, Elizabeth C. Bourne, Mélanie Gerphagnon, Hans-Peter Grossart, Alena S. Gsell, Bas W. Ibelings, Maiko Kagami, Frithjof C Kuepper, Peter M. Letcher, Adeline Loyau, Takeshi Miki, Jens C. Nejstgaard, Serena Rasconi, Albert Reñé, Thomas Rohrlack, Keilor Rojas-Jimenez, Dirk S. Schmeller, Bettina ScholzKensuke Seto, Télesphore Sime-Ngando, Assaf Sukenik, Dedmer B. Van de Waal, Silke Van den Wyngaert, Ellen Van Donk, Justyna Wolinska, Christian Wurzbacher, Ramsy Agha

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Abstract

Chytridiomycota, often referred to as chytrids, can be virulent parasites with the potential to inflict mass mortalities on hosts, causing e.g. changes in phytoplankton size distributions and succession, and the delay or suppression of bloom events. Molecular environmental surveys have revealed an unexpectedly large diversity of chytrids across a wide range of aquatic ecosystems worldwide. As a result, scientific interest towards fungal parasites of phytoplankton has been gaining momentum in the past few years. Yet, we still know little about the ecology of chytrids, their life cycles, phylogeny, host specificity and range. Information on the contribution of chytrids to trophic interactions, as well as co-evolutionary feedbacks of fungal parasitism on host populations is also limited. This paper synthesizes ideas stressing the multifaceted biological relevance of phytoplankton chytridiomycosis, resulting from discussions among an international team of chytrid researchers. It presents our view on the most pressing research needs for promoting the integration of chytrid fungi into aquatic ecology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3802-3822
Number of pages21
JournalEnvironmental Microbiology
Volume19
Issue number10
Early online date13 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

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Plankton
Phytoplankton
Ecology
plankton
parasite
Parasites
Host Specificity
phytoplankton
ecology
parasites
Hydrobiology
Chytridiomycota
Research
aquatic fungi
mass mortality
host specificity
trophic interaction
host range
momentum
pressing

Keywords

  • Aquatic systems
  • emerging infectious disease
  • energy and organic matter cycling
  • food web
  • fungal parasites
  • host parasite interactions

Cite this

Frenken, T., Alacid, E., Berger, S. A., Bourne, E. C., Gerphagnon, M., Grossart, H-P., ... Agha, R. (2017). Integrating chytrid fungal parasites into plankton ecology: research gaps and needs. Environmental Microbiology, 19(10), 3802-3822. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13827

Integrating chytrid fungal parasites into plankton ecology : research gaps and needs. / Frenken, Thijs; Alacid, Elisabet; Berger, Stella A.; Bourne, Elizabeth C.; Gerphagnon, Mélanie; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Gsell, Alena S.; Ibelings, Bas W.; Kagami, Maiko; Kuepper, Frithjof C; Letcher, Peter M.; Loyau, Adeline; Miki, Takeshi; Nejstgaard, Jens C.; Rasconi, Serena; Reñé, Albert; Rohrlack, Thomas; Rojas-Jimenez, Keilor; Schmeller, Dirk S.; Scholz, Bettina; Seto, Kensuke; Sime-Ngando, Télesphore; Sukenik, Assaf; Van de Waal, Dedmer B.; Van den Wyngaert, Silke; Van Donk, Ellen; Wolinska, Justyna; Wurzbacher, Christian; Agha, Ramsy.

In: Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 19, No. 10, 10.2017, p. 3802-3822.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frenken, T, Alacid, E, Berger, SA, Bourne, EC, Gerphagnon, M, Grossart, H-P, Gsell, AS, Ibelings, BW, Kagami, M, Kuepper, FC, Letcher, PM, Loyau, A, Miki, T, Nejstgaard, JC, Rasconi, S, Reñé, A, Rohrlack, T, Rojas-Jimenez, K, Schmeller, DS, Scholz, B, Seto, K, Sime-Ngando, T, Sukenik, A, Van de Waal, DB, Van den Wyngaert, S, Van Donk, E, Wolinska, J, Wurzbacher, C & Agha, R 2017, 'Integrating chytrid fungal parasites into plankton ecology: research gaps and needs', Environmental Microbiology, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 3802-3822. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13827
Frenken T, Alacid E, Berger SA, Bourne EC, Gerphagnon M, Grossart H-P et al. Integrating chytrid fungal parasites into plankton ecology: research gaps and needs. Environmental Microbiology. 2017 Oct;19(10):3802-3822. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13827
Frenken, Thijs ; Alacid, Elisabet ; Berger, Stella A. ; Bourne, Elizabeth C. ; Gerphagnon, Mélanie ; Grossart, Hans-Peter ; Gsell, Alena S. ; Ibelings, Bas W. ; Kagami, Maiko ; Kuepper, Frithjof C ; Letcher, Peter M. ; Loyau, Adeline ; Miki, Takeshi ; Nejstgaard, Jens C. ; Rasconi, Serena ; Reñé, Albert ; Rohrlack, Thomas ; Rojas-Jimenez, Keilor ; Schmeller, Dirk S. ; Scholz, Bettina ; Seto, Kensuke ; Sime-Ngando, Télesphore ; Sukenik, Assaf ; Van de Waal, Dedmer B. ; Van den Wyngaert, Silke ; Van Donk, Ellen ; Wolinska, Justyna ; Wurzbacher, Christian ; Agha, Ramsy. / Integrating chytrid fungal parasites into plankton ecology : research gaps and needs. In: Environmental Microbiology. 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. 10. pp. 3802-3822.
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abstract = "Chytridiomycota, often referred to as chytrids, can be virulent parasites with the potential to inflict mass mortalities on hosts, causing e.g. changes in phytoplankton size distributions and succession, and the delay or suppression of bloom events. Molecular environmental surveys have revealed an unexpectedly large diversity of chytrids across a wide range of aquatic ecosystems worldwide. As a result, scientific interest towards fungal parasites of phytoplankton has been gaining momentum in the past few years. Yet, we still know little about the ecology of chytrids, their life cycles, phylogeny, host specificity and range. Information on the contribution of chytrids to trophic interactions, as well as co-evolutionary feedbacks of fungal parasitism on host populations is also limited. This paper synthesizes ideas stressing the multifaceted biological relevance of phytoplankton chytridiomycosis, resulting from discussions among an international team of chytrid researchers. It presents our view on the most pressing research needs for promoting the integration of chytrid fungi into aquatic ecology.",
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AU - Bourne, Elizabeth C.

AU - Gerphagnon, Mélanie

AU - Grossart, Hans-Peter

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KW - emerging infectious disease

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KW - food web

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