Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon cycle models

Nicholas J. Ostle, Pete Smith, Rosie Fisher, F. Ian Woodward, Joshua B. Fisher, Jo U. Smith, David Galbraith, Peter Levy, Patrick Meir, Niall P. McNamara, Richard D. Bardgett

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

155 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

P>1. Plant-soil interactions play a central role in the biogeochemical carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and hydrological cycles. In the context of global environmental change, they are important both in modulating the impact of climate change and in regulating the feedback of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4 and N2O) to the climate system.

2. Dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs) represent the most advanced tools available to predict the impacts of global change on terrestrial ecosystem functions and to examine their feedbacks to climate change. The accurate representation of plant-soil interactions in these models is crucial to improving predictions of the effects of climate change on a global scale.

3. In this paper, we describe the general structure of DGVMs that use plant functional types (PFTs) classifications as a means to integrate plant-soil interactions and illustrate how models have been developed to improve the simulation of: (a) soil carbon dynamics, (b) nitrogen cycling, (c) drought impacts and (d) vegetation dynamics. For each of these, we discuss some recent advances and identify knowledge gaps.

4. We identify three ongoing challenges, requiring collaboration between the global modelling community and process ecologists. First, the need for a critical evaluation of the representation of plant-soil processes in global models; second, the need to supply and integrate knowledge into global models; third, the testing of global model simulations against large-scale multifactor experiments and data from observatory gradients.

5. Synthesis. This paper reviews how plant-soil interactions are represented in DGVMs that use PFTs and illustrates some model developments. We also identify areas of ecological understanding and experimentation needed to reduce uncertainty in future carbon coupled climate change predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-863
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Ecology
Volume97
Issue number5
Early online date11 Aug 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • carbon
  • climate change
  • DGVM
  • feedbacks
  • GCM
  • models
  • PFT
  • plant
  • soil
  • dissolved organic-carbon
  • net primary production
  • Amazonian rain-forest
  • land-surface model
  • no-tillage soils
  • climate-change
  • terrestrial carbon
  • vegetation dynamics
  • stomatal conductance
  • elevated CO2

Cite this

Ostle, N. J., Smith, P., Fisher, R., Woodward, F. I., Fisher, J. B., Smith, J. U., ... Bardgett, R. D. (2009). Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon cycle models. Journal of Ecology, 97(5), 851-863. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01547.x

Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon cycle models. / Ostle, Nicholas J.; Smith, Pete; Fisher, Rosie; Woodward, F. Ian; Fisher, Joshua B. ; Smith, Jo U.; Galbraith, David; Levy, Peter; Meir, Patrick; McNamara, Niall P.; Bardgett, Richard D.

In: Journal of Ecology, Vol. 97, No. 5, 09.2009, p. 851-863.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Ostle, NJ, Smith, P, Fisher, R, Woodward, FI, Fisher, JB, Smith, JU, Galbraith, D, Levy, P, Meir, P, McNamara, NP & Bardgett, RD 2009, 'Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon cycle models' Journal of Ecology, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 851-863. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01547.x
Ostle, Nicholas J. ; Smith, Pete ; Fisher, Rosie ; Woodward, F. Ian ; Fisher, Joshua B. ; Smith, Jo U. ; Galbraith, David ; Levy, Peter ; Meir, Patrick ; McNamara, Niall P. ; Bardgett, Richard D. / Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon cycle models. In: Journal of Ecology. 2009 ; Vol. 97, No. 5. pp. 851-863.
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AU - Fisher, Rosie

AU - Woodward, F. Ian

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AU - Smith, Jo U.

AU - Galbraith, David

AU - Levy, Peter

AU - Meir, Patrick

AU - McNamara, Niall P.

AU - Bardgett, Richard D.

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AB - P>1. Plant-soil interactions play a central role in the biogeochemical carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and hydrological cycles. In the context of global environmental change, they are important both in modulating the impact of climate change and in regulating the feedback of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4 and N2O) to the climate system. 2. Dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs) represent the most advanced tools available to predict the impacts of global change on terrestrial ecosystem functions and to examine their feedbacks to climate change. The accurate representation of plant-soil interactions in these models is crucial to improving predictions of the effects of climate change on a global scale. 3. In this paper, we describe the general structure of DGVMs that use plant functional types (PFTs) classifications as a means to integrate plant-soil interactions and illustrate how models have been developed to improve the simulation of: (a) soil carbon dynamics, (b) nitrogen cycling, (c) drought impacts and (d) vegetation dynamics. For each of these, we discuss some recent advances and identify knowledge gaps. 4. We identify three ongoing challenges, requiring collaboration between the global modelling community and process ecologists. First, the need for a critical evaluation of the representation of plant-soil processes in global models; second, the need to supply and integrate knowledge into global models; third, the testing of global model simulations against large-scale multifactor experiments and data from observatory gradients. 5. Synthesis. This paper reviews how plant-soil interactions are represented in DGVMs that use PFTs and illustrates some model developments. We also identify areas of ecological understanding and experimentation needed to reduce uncertainty in future carbon coupled climate change predictions.

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KW - feedbacks

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KW - net primary production

KW - Amazonian rain-forest

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KW - terrestrial carbon

KW - vegetation dynamics

KW - stomatal conductance

KW - elevated CO2

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