Integrating scientific and local knowledge to address conservation conflicts: Towards a practical framework based on lessons learned from a Scottish case study

Gillian Barbara Ainsworth, Stephen Mark Redpath, Mark Wilson, Chris Wernham, Juliette Claire Young*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Integrating local knowledge with scientific knowledge can offer significant benefits to improving environmental decision-making. However, this is especially challenging in environmental conflict situations where advice is lacking, and no single approach can foster conflict transformation. To understand stakeholder knowledge and its integration in a conflict transformation process in Scotland, we brought together diverse stakeholder organisations and encouraged power sharing in the project's management. Our mixed-methods approach was based on theories of community science, knowledge co-production, knowledge integration and implementation and conflict transformation. We gathered stakeholder perceptions to see where local and scientific knowledge converged and diverged. Stakeholders holding opposing views mutually prioritised knowledge gaps and identified future collaborative actions. Building upon lessons learned, we present a practical framework and associated considerations to realise knowledge integration goals in conservation conflict situations. This framework is widely applicable, especially in situations where disputes over the evidence-base prevent positive outcomes for people and nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
Volume107
Early online date26 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Community science
  • Conflict transformation
  • Knowledge integration
  • Public benefit
  • Transparency
  • Trust

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