Interaction between disinhibition and restraint: Implications for body weight and eating disturbance

E. J. Bryant, K. Kiezebrink, N. A. King, J. E. Blundell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An increase in obesity is usually accompanied by an increase in eating disturbances. Susceptibility to these states may arise from different combinations of underlying traits: Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) Restraint and Disinhibition. Two studies were conducted to examine the interaction between these traits; one on-line study (n=351) and one laboratory-based study (n=120). Participants completed a battery of questionnaires and provided self-report measures of body weight and physical activity. A combination of high Disinhibition and high Restraint was associated with a problematic eating behaviour profile (EAT-26), and a higher rate of smoking and alcohol consumption. A combination of high Disinhibition and low Restraint was associated with a higher susceptibility to weight gain and a higher sedentary behaviour. These data show that different combinations of Disinhibition and Restraint are associated with distinct weight and behaviour outcomes. (Eating Weight Disord. 15: e43-e51, 2010). (C)2010, Editrice Kurtis

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E43-E51
Number of pages9
JournalEating and Weight Disorders
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Disinhibition
  • restraint
  • eating disturbance
  • body weight
  • middle-aged women
  • dietary restraint
  • Quebec family
  • physical-activity
  • questionnaire
  • behaviors
  • appetite
  • disorder
  • food
  • tendency

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