Interactions between masculinity-femininity and apparent health in face preferences

Finlay G Smith, Benedict C Jones, Lisa M DeBruine, Anthony C Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Consistent with Getty's (2002) proposal that cues to long-term health and cues to current condition are at least partly independent, recent research on human face preferences has found divergent effects of masculinity-femininity, a cue to long-term health, and apparent health, a cue to current condition. In light of this, we tested for interactions between these two cues. Participants viewed composite images of opposite-sex faces that had been manufactured in combinations of high and low apparent health and masculinity-femininity. Preferences for masculinity in men's faces and femininity in women's faces were stronger when judging the attractiveness of faces with high apparent health than when judging the attractiveness of faces with low apparent health. Similarly, preferences for high apparent health were stronger for judgments of masculine men's faces and feminine women's faces than for judgments of feminine men's faces and masculine women's faces, respectively. Interactions between apparent health and masculinity-femininity when forming face preferences may function to optimize how masculinity-femininity and apparent health are used to infer the quality of potential mates and highlight the complexity and sophistication of the perceptual mechanisms that underpin face preferences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-445
Number of pages5
JournalBehavioral Ecology
Volume20
Issue number2
Early online date14 Nov 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

health
woman
gender
effect

Keywords

  • apparent health
  • faces
  • ìntegration
  • masculinity
  • mate choice
  • signal interactions

Cite this

Interactions between masculinity-femininity and apparent health in face preferences. / Smith, Finlay G; Jones, Benedict C; DeBruine, Lisa M; Little, Anthony C.

In: Behavioral Ecology, Vol. 20, No. 2, 03.2009, p. 441-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Finlay G ; Jones, Benedict C ; DeBruine, Lisa M ; Little, Anthony C. / Interactions between masculinity-femininity and apparent health in face preferences. In: Behavioral Ecology. 2009 ; Vol. 20, No. 2. pp. 441-445.
@article{7793ef589b0b412a9301b6eec1181f37,
title = "Interactions between masculinity-femininity and apparent health in face preferences",
abstract = "Consistent with Getty's (2002) proposal that cues to long-term health and cues to current condition are at least partly independent, recent research on human face preferences has found divergent effects of masculinity-femininity, a cue to long-term health, and apparent health, a cue to current condition. In light of this, we tested for interactions between these two cues. Participants viewed composite images of opposite-sex faces that had been manufactured in combinations of high and low apparent health and masculinity-femininity. Preferences for masculinity in men's faces and femininity in women's faces were stronger when judging the attractiveness of faces with high apparent health than when judging the attractiveness of faces with low apparent health. Similarly, preferences for high apparent health were stronger for judgments of masculine men's faces and feminine women's faces than for judgments of feminine men's faces and masculine women's faces, respectively. Interactions between apparent health and masculinity-femininity when forming face preferences may function to optimize how masculinity-femininity and apparent health are used to infer the quality of potential mates and highlight the complexity and sophistication of the perceptual mechanisms that underpin face preferences.",
keywords = "apparent health, faces, {\`i}ntegration, masculinity, mate choice, signal interactions",
author = "Smith, {Finlay G} and Jones, {Benedict C} and DeBruine, {Lisa M} and Little, {Anthony C}",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1093/beheco/arn141",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "441--445",
journal = "Behavioral Ecology",
issn = "1045-2249",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interactions between masculinity-femininity and apparent health in face preferences

AU - Smith, Finlay G

AU - Jones, Benedict C

AU - DeBruine, Lisa M

AU - Little, Anthony C

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - Consistent with Getty's (2002) proposal that cues to long-term health and cues to current condition are at least partly independent, recent research on human face preferences has found divergent effects of masculinity-femininity, a cue to long-term health, and apparent health, a cue to current condition. In light of this, we tested for interactions between these two cues. Participants viewed composite images of opposite-sex faces that had been manufactured in combinations of high and low apparent health and masculinity-femininity. Preferences for masculinity in men's faces and femininity in women's faces were stronger when judging the attractiveness of faces with high apparent health than when judging the attractiveness of faces with low apparent health. Similarly, preferences for high apparent health were stronger for judgments of masculine men's faces and feminine women's faces than for judgments of feminine men's faces and masculine women's faces, respectively. Interactions between apparent health and masculinity-femininity when forming face preferences may function to optimize how masculinity-femininity and apparent health are used to infer the quality of potential mates and highlight the complexity and sophistication of the perceptual mechanisms that underpin face preferences.

AB - Consistent with Getty's (2002) proposal that cues to long-term health and cues to current condition are at least partly independent, recent research on human face preferences has found divergent effects of masculinity-femininity, a cue to long-term health, and apparent health, a cue to current condition. In light of this, we tested for interactions between these two cues. Participants viewed composite images of opposite-sex faces that had been manufactured in combinations of high and low apparent health and masculinity-femininity. Preferences for masculinity in men's faces and femininity in women's faces were stronger when judging the attractiveness of faces with high apparent health than when judging the attractiveness of faces with low apparent health. Similarly, preferences for high apparent health were stronger for judgments of masculine men's faces and feminine women's faces than for judgments of feminine men's faces and masculine women's faces, respectively. Interactions between apparent health and masculinity-femininity when forming face preferences may function to optimize how masculinity-femininity and apparent health are used to infer the quality of potential mates and highlight the complexity and sophistication of the perceptual mechanisms that underpin face preferences.

KW - apparent health

KW - faces

KW - ìntegration

KW - masculinity

KW - mate choice

KW - signal interactions

U2 - 10.1093/beheco/arn141

DO - 10.1093/beheco/arn141

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 441

EP - 445

JO - Behavioral Ecology

JF - Behavioral Ecology

SN - 1045-2249

IS - 2

ER -