Interventions to Treat Obesity in Mexican Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Magaly Aceves-Martins* (Corresponding Author), Lizet López-Cruz, Marcela García-Botello, Yareni Yunuen Gutierrez -Gómez, Carlos Francisco Moreno-García

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context
Prevalence of overweight and obesity has been rising in the past 3 decades among Mexican children and adolescents.
Objective
To systematically review experimental studies evaluating interventions to treat obesity in Mexican children and adolescents (≤18 years old).
Data Sources
For this study, 13 databases and 1 search engine were searched.
Data Analysis
A total of 29 studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, 2302 participants (age range, 8–16 years) from 11 states in Mexico were included. Most of the studies (n = 17 of 29) were provided in a clinical setting. A random-effect meta-analysis of 4 randomized controlled trials was conducted and a significant effect was found on body mass index reduction that favored the intervention group (−1.52; 95%CI, −2.15 to −0.89) for short-term (≤6 mo) interventions.
Conclusions
A multicomponent, multidisciplinary, and individualized intervention that includes dietary modifications, physical activity practice, behavioral strategies, and active parental involvement might help treat childhood obesity in Mexico. However, long-term results need to be produced to identify effectiveness pointers that might help establish an integrated, long-lasting care model to treat obesity.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbernuab041
Number of pages17
JournalNutrition Reviews
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • children
  • intervention
  • Mexico
  • obesity
  • overweight

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