Invasive Spartina alterniflora changes the Yangtze Estuary salt marsh from CH4 sink to source

Bin Yang, Xiuzhen Li*, Shiwei Lin, Can Jiang, Liming Xue, Jiangjing Wang, Xiaotong Liu, Mikk Espenberg, Jaan Pärn, Ülo Mander

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Expansion of Spartina alterniflora salt marshes in the East China Sea coast is changing the ecosystem and thus, uncertainty has hampered methane (CH4) flux accounts in these areas. To analyse seasonal and diurnal patterns of the CH4 fluxes and their relationship with environmental factors, four plots were established in a salt marsh of the Nanhui coast in the southern fringe of the Yangtze River estuary, differing in sediment salinity and vegetation history and including one bare mudflat. Monthly studies from March 2017 to January 2018 using a chamber technique showed that CH4 fluxes from the plots ranged from −1.7 to 72.2 mg m−2 h−1. The mature Spartina sites showed higher CH4 emission, peaking in the summer. In the mudflat CH4 consumption was observed in January and the summer. The seasonal CH4 fluxes showed positive correlation (p < 0.05) with temperature, and plant development (height of vegetation), and negative correlation (p < 0.05) with water salinity. Various diurnal cycles in the CH4 fluxes were observed at different seasons. Average CH4 emissions were higher during the daytime than at night, however, without significant difference. Thus, the CH4 fluxes started to rise at noon, and the maximum CH4 flux was observed after the ebb tide (at 18:00) during nighttime. The diurnal variation in CH4 fluxes showed a significant correlation with season but not with temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107258
Number of pages8
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume252
Early online date15 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2021

Keywords

  • Atlantic cordgrass
  • Diurnal variation
  • Environmental factors
  • Methane
  • Tidal salt marsh

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