The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated by endoplasmic reticulum stress resulting from an accumulation of unfolded or mis-folded proteins. The UPR is divided into three arms, involving the activation of ATF-6, PERK and IRE-1, that together act to restrict new protein synthesis and increase the production of chaperones. Recent studies have implicated the PERK and IRE-1 components of the UPR in adipocyte differentiation. In this study, we investigate the importance of ATF6α during adipogenesis using stable knockdown of this protein in the model adipogenic cell line, C3H10T1/2. Reduction of ATF6α expression by 70% resulted in impaired expression of key adipogenic genes and reduced lipid accumulation following the induction of adipogenesis. In contrast, loss of ATF6α did not impair the ability of cells to undergo osteogenic differentiation. Overall, our data indicate that all three arms of the UPR, including ATF6α, must be intact to permit adipogenesis to occur.
- unfolded protein response