The microstructure, mineralogy and depth of carbonation of two concrete samples, one removed from a normal strength crane column and the other from a high-strength pile, are reported. The normal strength C (S) over barA cement concrete had a high w/c ratio; microstructural images show that clinker tends to hydrate almost completely. But for high-strength CSA cement concretes, made with low w/c ratios, large amounts of partially hydrated clinker grains remain as a microaggregate.
C (S) over barA cements and concretes are subject to carbonation in service conditions. The usual method of determining depth of carbonation, the phenolphthalein test, does not work with aged C (S) over barA matrices. A new method, using infrared microscopy, has been used to determine carbonation depth of aging C (S) over barA cement concrete. It has been shown that carbonation of a normal strength CSA cement concrete exposed to open air for 16 years averages similar to 0.5 mm/year, and is thus comparable with reported rates of carbonation of OPC concretes. The high-strength C (S) over barA concrete carbonated at a maximum rate of similar to 60 mu m/year. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- calcium sulfoaluminate cement
- infrared microscopy