Is exclusive breastfeeding and its duration related to cardio respiratory fitness in childhood?

Mohammadreza Vafa* (Corresponding Author), Javad Heshmati, Homa Sadeghi, Farzad Shidfar, Nazli Namazi, Hamidreza Baradaran, Behzad Heydarpour, Zahra Jalili

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objective: This study investigated the effect of breastfeeding on cardio respiratory fitness (CRF) in students of Kermanshah, Iran.Methods and materials: In this retrospective cohort study, 246 students with the mean ± SD age of 7.28 ± 0.50 years, mean breastfeeding ± SD duration of 8.20 ± 10.26 months, and body mass index (BMI) of 16.96 ± 3.03 kg/m2 participated. Students had no CVD, liver or kidney diseases. Children were categorized in three groups of over 6 months breast-fed (>6 months group), less than 6 months breast-fed (≤6 months group), and formula group. The physician measured CRF calculating VO2 max; and reported the results as fitness or no fitness. The probable confounders were gender, BMI, fat-free mass, fat mass, mothers BMI, dietary Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) and folate, beginning time of supplementary nutrition, physical activity, and birth weight.Results: Breastfeeding more than 6 months was positively associated with CRF (p value < 0.001) before and after adjustment for confounders. The risk ratio (RR) of no CRF was 3.22 times more than >6 months group. VO2 max (ml/kg/min) was significantly the highest in >6 months group (p value = 0.001).Conclusion: Breastfeeding more than 6 months has positive effects on CRF, and the early nutrition may be a predictor for adolescence physical health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-465
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume29
Issue number3
Early online date6 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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Breast Feeding
Body Mass Index
Students
Breast
Fats
Kidney Diseases
Iran
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Folic Acid
Birth Weight
Liver Diseases
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Mothers
Exercise
Physicians
Health

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • cardio respiratory fitness
  • nutrition
  • students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Is exclusive breastfeeding and its duration related to cardio respiratory fitness in childhood? / Vafa, Mohammadreza (Corresponding Author); Heshmati, Javad; Sadeghi, Homa; Shidfar, Farzad; Namazi, Nazli; Baradaran, Hamidreza; Heydarpour, Behzad; Jalili, Zahra.

In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Vol. 29, No. 3, 02.2016, p. 461-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vafa, Mohammadreza ; Heshmati, Javad ; Sadeghi, Homa ; Shidfar, Farzad ; Namazi, Nazli ; Baradaran, Hamidreza ; Heydarpour, Behzad ; Jalili, Zahra. / Is exclusive breastfeeding and its duration related to cardio respiratory fitness in childhood?. In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 461-465.
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