Is organizational justice associated with clinical performance in the care for patients with diabetes in primary care? Evidence from the improving Quality of care in Diabetes study

Marko Elovainio*, Nick Steen, Justin Presseau, Jill Francis, Susan Hrisos, Gillian Hawthorne, Marie Johnston, Elaine Stamp, Margaret Hunter, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Martin P. Eccles

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly prevalent illness, and there is considerable variation in the quality of care provided to patients with diabetes in primary care.

Objectives. The aim of this study was to explore whether organizational justice and organizational citizenship behaviour are associated with the behaviours of clinical staff when providing care for patients with diabetes.

Methods. The data were from an ongoing prospective multicenter study, the ‘improving Quality of care in Diabetes’ (iQuaD) study. Participants (N = 467) were clinical staff in 99 primary care practices in the UK. The outcome measures were six self-reported clinical behaviours: prescribing for glycaemic control, prescribing for blood pressure control, foot examination, giving advice about weight management, providing general education about diabetes and giving advice about self-management. Organizational justice perceptions were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The associations between organizational justice and behavioural outcomes were tested using linear multilevel regression modelling.

Results. Higher scores on the procedural component of organizational justice were associated with more frequent weight management advice, self-management advice and provision of general education for patients with diabetes. The associations between justice and clinical behaviours were not explained by individual or practice characteristics, but evidence was found for the partial mediating role of organizational citizenship behaviour.

Conclusions. Quality improvement efforts aimed at increasing advice and education provision in diabetes management in primary care could target also perceptions of procedural justice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalFamily Practice
Issue number1
Early online date29 Aug 2012
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013



  • units
  • fairness
  • health professional
  • diabetes
  • health
  • climate
  • organizational justice
  • behaviors
  • United Kingdom
  • procedural justice
  • clinical behaviour
  • work
  • prevalence

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