Is there equity of service delivery and intermediate outcomes in South Asians with type 2 diabetes? Analysis of DARTS database and summary of UK publications

Colin M. Fischbacher, Raj Bhopal, Markus Steiner, A. D. Morris, James W. T. Chalmers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There are doubts whether diabetes care is equitable across UK ethnic groups. We examined processes and outcomes in South Asians with diabetes and reviewed the UK literature.
Methods: We used name search methods to identify South Asians in a regional diabetes database. We compared prevalence rates, processes and outcomes of care between November 2003 and December 2004. We used standard literature search techniques.
Results: The prevalence of diabetes in South Asians was 3–4 times higher than non-South Asians. South Asians were 1.11 times (95% confidence interval 1.06, 1.16) more likely to have a structured review. South Asian women were 1.10 times more likely to have a record of body mass index (95% CI 1.04, 1.16). HbA1c levels were 1.03 times higher (95% CI 1.00, 1.06) among South Asians, retinopathy 1.36 times more common (95% CI 1.03, 1.78) and hypertension 0.71 times as common (95% CI 0.58, 0.87).
Conclusions: We found evidence of equity in many aspects of diabetes care for South Asians in Tayside. The finding of higher HbA1c and more retinopathy among South Asians needs explanation and a service response. These findings from a region with a small non-White population largely support the recent findings from other parts of the UK.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-249
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Public Health
Volume31
Issue number9
Early online date5 Feb 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • ethnic groups
  • outcome measures
  • quality of service (QoS)
  • Scotland
  • South Asian
  • Tayside
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

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