Survival International v World Wide Fund for Nature: Using the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises as a Means of Ensuring NGO Accountability

Domenico Carolei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In February 2016, Survival International (‘SI’) filed a complaint to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) against the World Wide Fund for Nature (‘WWF’), accusing the WWF of facilitating violent abuse against Baka ‘Pygmies’ forcing them to leave their homeland in Cameroon to make way for a national reserve. This complaint was unique as it was the first ever filed by a non-governamental organisation (NGO) against another NGO using the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (‘OECD Guidelines’), which had been originally designed to handle complaints against transnational corporate entities. In December 2016, the Swiss National Contact Point accepted the complaint for further consideration asserting, in its initial assessment, that the OECD Guidelines could be applicable to non-corporate entities, such as NGOs. The purpose of this paper is to provide a commentary on this unprecedented dispute, evaluating the extent to which the OECD Guidelines could be used as a means of accountability against NGOs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371–384
Number of pages14
JournalHuman Rights Law Review
Volume18
Issue number2
Early online date9 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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Keywords

  • human rights
  • non-governmental organisations
  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
  • Survival International Charitable Trust v World Wide Fund for Nature

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