Jurassic arc volcanism on Crimea (Ukraine): Implications for the paleo-subduction zone configuration of the Black Sea region

M. J. M. Meijers, B. Vrouwe, D. J. J. van Hinsbergen, K. F. Kuiper, J. Wijbrans, Randell Stephenson, N. Kaymakci, L. Matenco, A. Saintot

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Abstract

The early Cretaceous and younger opening of the Black Sea has obliterated much of the older record of Tethyan subduction below southeastern Europe. The earlier Mesozoic evolution was dominated by opening and closure of Tethyan oceans between Gondwana and Laurasia with their consumption, at least in part, accommodated along the southern Eurasian margin. Crimea (Ukraine), a peninsula in the northern Black Sea, represents the northernmost region of southeastern Europe that exposes a record of a pre-Cretaceous Tethyan active margin. To shed new light on the paleosubduction zone configuration of the southeastern European margin in the Jurassic, we report Ar-40/Ar-39 isotope dating on 10 samples and whole rock geochemistry on 31 samples from supposedly Jurassic magmatic rocks from the Crimean peninsula. The samples can be subdivided into two age groups: middle Jurassic (similar to 172-158 Ma) and uppermost Jurassic to lowermost Cretaceous (similar to 151-142 Ma), that both have a subduction-related geochemical signature. The ages of the younger group are in conflict with previously assigned biostratigraphic ages of the units under- and overlying the volcanic complex. This might suggest a scenario where the latter were juxtaposed by faulting. We argue that the Crimean volcanics represent a fragment of a volcanic arc overlying the southeastern European continental margin. These data therefore provide evidence for Jurassic northwards subduction below the Eurasian margin, preceding the opening of the Black Sea as a back-arc basin. We argue that the corresponding Jurassic trench was already positioned south of the Turkish Pontides and the Caucasus belt, implying a very shallow slab angle in the Jurassic. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-426
Number of pages15
JournalLithos
Volume119
Issue number3-4
Early online date25 Jul 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Black Sea region
  • Jurassic-Cretaceous
  • 40Ar/39Ar dating
  • X-ray fluorescence analysis
  • Arc volcanism
  • Tethys
  • Central Pontides Turkey
  • NW Turkey
  • NE Turkey
  • Tectonic evolution
  • Eastern Pontides
  • Continental-margin
  • Northwest Turkey
  • Western Pontides
  • Karakaya complex
  • Flat subduction

Cite this

Meijers, M. J. M., Vrouwe, B., van Hinsbergen, D. J. J., Kuiper, K. F., Wijbrans, J., Stephenson, R., Kaymakci, N., Matenco, L., & Saintot, A. (2010). Jurassic arc volcanism on Crimea (Ukraine): Implications for the paleo-subduction zone configuration of the Black Sea region. Lithos, 119(3-4), 412-426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2010.07.017