Knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of overweight and obesity among civil servants in Nepal

Prakash Simkhada, Amudha Poobalan, Padam P Simkhada, Amalraj Raja, Lorna Aucott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity threatens developing countries as urbanization increases, with civil servants being particularly vulnerable. The authors assess overweight/obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants along with their knowledge and attitudes. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted among 341 participants (97.4% response rate) also recorded height and weight. Participants were 40 +/- 6.6 years, mostly males, married, and from a single ethnic group. Overweight/obesity prevalence was 33.4%. Knowledge of obesity was good. However, some attitudes toward obese people were negative, despite half of the participants believing obesity to indicate prosperity. Logistic regression indicated marriage and/or having a better job increased the overweight/obese risk by nearly 8 and 9 times, respectively. Heavier people were more likely to disagree with attitudes that obese people were "lazier" and "untidy." Obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants is already higher than the general population level. Health education and interventions are needed to translate knowledge into attitude and behavior changes in order to prevent this becoming an epidemic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-517
Number of pages11
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume23
Issue number4
Early online date12 Oct 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Nepal
Obesity
Urbanization
Marriage
Health Education
Ethnic Groups
Developing Countries
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Weights and Measures
Population

Keywords

  • obesity
  • prevalence
  • Nepal
  • civil servants

Cite this

Knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of overweight and obesity among civil servants in Nepal. / Simkhada, Prakash; Poobalan, Amudha; Simkhada, Padam P; Raja, Amalraj; Aucott, Lorna.

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, Vol. 23, No. 4, 07.2011, p. 507-517.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c4ce3c6c394f4a31ad1b84ddf69fbc69,
title = "Knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of overweight and obesity among civil servants in Nepal",
abstract = "Obesity threatens developing countries as urbanization increases, with civil servants being particularly vulnerable. The authors assess overweight/obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants along with their knowledge and attitudes. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted among 341 participants (97.4{\%} response rate) also recorded height and weight. Participants were 40 +/- 6.6 years, mostly males, married, and from a single ethnic group. Overweight/obesity prevalence was 33.4{\%}. Knowledge of obesity was good. However, some attitudes toward obese people were negative, despite half of the participants believing obesity to indicate prosperity. Logistic regression indicated marriage and/or having a better job increased the overweight/obese risk by nearly 8 and 9 times, respectively. Heavier people were more likely to disagree with attitudes that obese people were {"}lazier{"} and {"}untidy.{"} Obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants is already higher than the general population level. Health education and interventions are needed to translate knowledge into attitude and behavior changes in order to prevent this becoming an epidemic.",
keywords = "obesity, prevalence, Nepal , civil servants",
author = "Prakash Simkhada and Amudha Poobalan and Simkhada, {Padam P} and Amalraj Raja and Lorna Aucott",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1177/1010539509348662",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "507--517",
journal = "Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1010-5395",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of overweight and obesity among civil servants in Nepal

AU - Simkhada, Prakash

AU - Poobalan, Amudha

AU - Simkhada, Padam P

AU - Raja, Amalraj

AU - Aucott, Lorna

PY - 2011/7

Y1 - 2011/7

N2 - Obesity threatens developing countries as urbanization increases, with civil servants being particularly vulnerable. The authors assess overweight/obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants along with their knowledge and attitudes. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted among 341 participants (97.4% response rate) also recorded height and weight. Participants were 40 +/- 6.6 years, mostly males, married, and from a single ethnic group. Overweight/obesity prevalence was 33.4%. Knowledge of obesity was good. However, some attitudes toward obese people were negative, despite half of the participants believing obesity to indicate prosperity. Logistic regression indicated marriage and/or having a better job increased the overweight/obese risk by nearly 8 and 9 times, respectively. Heavier people were more likely to disagree with attitudes that obese people were "lazier" and "untidy." Obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants is already higher than the general population level. Health education and interventions are needed to translate knowledge into attitude and behavior changes in order to prevent this becoming an epidemic.

AB - Obesity threatens developing countries as urbanization increases, with civil servants being particularly vulnerable. The authors assess overweight/obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants along with their knowledge and attitudes. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted among 341 participants (97.4% response rate) also recorded height and weight. Participants were 40 +/- 6.6 years, mostly males, married, and from a single ethnic group. Overweight/obesity prevalence was 33.4%. Knowledge of obesity was good. However, some attitudes toward obese people were negative, despite half of the participants believing obesity to indicate prosperity. Logistic regression indicated marriage and/or having a better job increased the overweight/obese risk by nearly 8 and 9 times, respectively. Heavier people were more likely to disagree with attitudes that obese people were "lazier" and "untidy." Obesity prevalence among Nepalese civil servants is already higher than the general population level. Health education and interventions are needed to translate knowledge into attitude and behavior changes in order to prevent this becoming an epidemic.

KW - obesity

KW - prevalence

KW - Nepal

KW - civil servants

U2 - 10.1177/1010539509348662

DO - 10.1177/1010539509348662

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 507

EP - 517

JO - Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

JF - Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

SN - 1010-5395

IS - 4

ER -