Laboratory and Analytical Model Studies of the Faroe Bank Channel Deep-Water Overflow

P. A. Davies, A. K. Wahlin, Yakun Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results are described from a combined laboratory and analytical study of the dense, deep-water flow through the Faroe Bank Channel. Archival field data have been used to specify the velocity and density field conditions in an idealized, distorted laboratory model in which the spatial and temporal development of a turbulent, dense source flow has been studied parametrically in terms of the source Rossby and Froude numbers, respectively. Measurements are presented to show that the flow (i) maintains geostrophic balance within the topographically varying channel and (ii) adjusts on the Ekman time scale to changing flow conditions. The outflow structure is shown to consist of a dominant axial (i.e., along channel) core component, with a significant transverse (i.e., side slope) secondary circulation driven by Ekman drainage and topographic divergence processes. Density field measurements are presented to show the mixing occurring between the turbulent outflow and the overlying water mass. Buoyancy anomaly data are derived to quantify the spatial variations of mixing processes along and across the channel. An analytical model based on Ekman dynamics is developed for flow in the channel, and the predictions of the dimensions of the outflow in terms of the external flow and topographic parameters are shown to agree well with the laboratory data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1348-1364
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Physical Oceanography
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • SLOPING BOTTOM
  • FLOW
  • OVERFLOW
  • OCEAN
  • CIRCULATION
  • EXCHANGE
  • BREAKING
  • FLUID
  • SHELF
  • SEAS

Cite this

Laboratory and Analytical Model Studies of the Faroe Bank Channel Deep-Water Overflow. / Davies, P. A.; Wahlin, A. K.; Guo, Yakun.

In: Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 36, No. 7, 07.2006, p. 1348-1364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davies, P. A. ; Wahlin, A. K. ; Guo, Yakun. / Laboratory and Analytical Model Studies of the Faroe Bank Channel Deep-Water Overflow. In: Journal of Physical Oceanography. 2006 ; Vol. 36, No. 7. pp. 1348-1364.
@article{dcb94d9e36e140a7a51b50eae0422020,
title = "Laboratory and Analytical Model Studies of the Faroe Bank Channel Deep-Water Overflow",
abstract = "Results are described from a combined laboratory and analytical study of the dense, deep-water flow through the Faroe Bank Channel. Archival field data have been used to specify the velocity and density field conditions in an idealized, distorted laboratory model in which the spatial and temporal development of a turbulent, dense source flow has been studied parametrically in terms of the source Rossby and Froude numbers, respectively. Measurements are presented to show that the flow (i) maintains geostrophic balance within the topographically varying channel and (ii) adjusts on the Ekman time scale to changing flow conditions. The outflow structure is shown to consist of a dominant axial (i.e., along channel) core component, with a significant transverse (i.e., side slope) secondary circulation driven by Ekman drainage and topographic divergence processes. Density field measurements are presented to show the mixing occurring between the turbulent outflow and the overlying water mass. Buoyancy anomaly data are derived to quantify the spatial variations of mixing processes along and across the channel. An analytical model based on Ekman dynamics is developed for flow in the channel, and the predictions of the dimensions of the outflow in terms of the external flow and topographic parameters are shown to agree well with the laboratory data.",
keywords = "SLOPING BOTTOM, FLOW, OVERFLOW, OCEAN, CIRCULATION, EXCHANGE, BREAKING, FLUID, SHELF, SEAS",
author = "Davies, {P. A.} and Wahlin, {A. K.} and Yakun Guo",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1175/JPO2917.1",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "1348--1364",
journal = "Journal of Physical Oceanography",
issn = "0022-3670",
publisher = "American Meteorological Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Laboratory and Analytical Model Studies of the Faroe Bank Channel Deep-Water Overflow

AU - Davies, P. A.

AU - Wahlin, A. K.

AU - Guo, Yakun

PY - 2006/7

Y1 - 2006/7

N2 - Results are described from a combined laboratory and analytical study of the dense, deep-water flow through the Faroe Bank Channel. Archival field data have been used to specify the velocity and density field conditions in an idealized, distorted laboratory model in which the spatial and temporal development of a turbulent, dense source flow has been studied parametrically in terms of the source Rossby and Froude numbers, respectively. Measurements are presented to show that the flow (i) maintains geostrophic balance within the topographically varying channel and (ii) adjusts on the Ekman time scale to changing flow conditions. The outflow structure is shown to consist of a dominant axial (i.e., along channel) core component, with a significant transverse (i.e., side slope) secondary circulation driven by Ekman drainage and topographic divergence processes. Density field measurements are presented to show the mixing occurring between the turbulent outflow and the overlying water mass. Buoyancy anomaly data are derived to quantify the spatial variations of mixing processes along and across the channel. An analytical model based on Ekman dynamics is developed for flow in the channel, and the predictions of the dimensions of the outflow in terms of the external flow and topographic parameters are shown to agree well with the laboratory data.

AB - Results are described from a combined laboratory and analytical study of the dense, deep-water flow through the Faroe Bank Channel. Archival field data have been used to specify the velocity and density field conditions in an idealized, distorted laboratory model in which the spatial and temporal development of a turbulent, dense source flow has been studied parametrically in terms of the source Rossby and Froude numbers, respectively. Measurements are presented to show that the flow (i) maintains geostrophic balance within the topographically varying channel and (ii) adjusts on the Ekman time scale to changing flow conditions. The outflow structure is shown to consist of a dominant axial (i.e., along channel) core component, with a significant transverse (i.e., side slope) secondary circulation driven by Ekman drainage and topographic divergence processes. Density field measurements are presented to show the mixing occurring between the turbulent outflow and the overlying water mass. Buoyancy anomaly data are derived to quantify the spatial variations of mixing processes along and across the channel. An analytical model based on Ekman dynamics is developed for flow in the channel, and the predictions of the dimensions of the outflow in terms of the external flow and topographic parameters are shown to agree well with the laboratory data.

KW - SLOPING BOTTOM

KW - FLOW

KW - OVERFLOW

KW - OCEAN

KW - CIRCULATION

KW - EXCHANGE

KW - BREAKING

KW - FLUID

KW - SHELF

KW - SEAS

U2 - 10.1175/JPO2917.1

DO - 10.1175/JPO2917.1

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 1348

EP - 1364

JO - Journal of Physical Oceanography

JF - Journal of Physical Oceanography

SN - 0022-3670

IS - 7

ER -