Labour Market Implications of Thyroid Dysfunctions

Catia Montagna, Alexandros Zangelidis* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper aims to shed some light on the labour market implications of thyroid disease. Undetected hypothyroidism has adverse effects on wages for female workers, thus widening the existing gender wage gap. However, once female individuals are diagnosed (and therefore assumed to be treated) with hypothyroidism, they experience wage gains and have a higher employment probability. In relation to other labour market outcomes, thyroid disease does not appear to play a significant role on individuals’ labour force participation decision and their working hours. Results suggest that productivity gains may drive the improvement in wages.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101247
Number of pages13
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Early online date4 May 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 May 2023


  • Thyroid disease
  • gender wage gap
  • productivity


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