Late-Pliocene timing of Corinth (Greece) rift-margin fault migration

M R Leeder, G H Mack, A T Brasier, R R Parrish, W C McIntosh, J E Andrews, C E Duermeijer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geochronological data for timing of Gulf of Corinth rift-margin fault migration is presented from the Megara basin, precursor to the active eastern Corinth rift. Fifteen sanidine separates from a thin tuff near the top of the sedimentary basin fill analysed by laser-fusion give apparent Ar-40-Ar-39 ages from 2.78 to 4.53 Ma. A weighted mean age of 2.82 +/- 0.06 Ma (at 2 sigma error) for the three youngest aliquots (range of mean ages 2.78-2.86 Ma) is regarded as a maximum probable age for ash eruption. Together with magnetostratigraphy results, this age constrains timing of Megara basin abandonment and likely propagation of the active South Alkyonides coastal faults that presently bound the southern rift-margin to the late-Pliocene, similar to 2.2 Ma. Initiation of the coastal faults caused uplift, fluvial incision and calcrete formation on geomorphic surfaces over the abandoned Megara basin fill. A petrocalcic laminar horizon from a supermature calcrete unconformably capping the fill gives a U-Pb age of 0.77 +/- 0.08 Ma, dating a late stage in the history of calcrete development. The new age for initiation of active faulting in the eastern rift yields a low estimate of long-term mean extension along the active South Alkyonides coastal faults of similar to 0.9-1.4 mm a(-1), consistent with previous geological data. This rate is less than the 100-year GPS-determined geodetic extension rate of 6 +/- 2.7 mm a(-1) measured along a similar to 23 degrees E meridional array just west of the Alkyonides gulf. It implies either that the geodetic rate declines rapidly over the similar to 15 km distance into the eastern gulf of that the geodetic rate is unchanged but extra strain is taken up aseismically and/or along antithetic and unrecognised major intrabasinal faults. in the full graben of the central rift displacements are similar to 3.5 km along the Xylocastro and Antikyra faults; the mean long term extension rate here since 2.2 Ma is similar to 3.5 mm a(-1), much less than current geodetic rates of similar to 10 min a(-1). In the western rift, despite a lack Of precise chronological data, geodetic and extension rates seem comparable. Overall, a late-Pliocene to early Pleistocene age is likely for initiation of the deep-marine Corinth rift, with no evidence for rift propagation, either eastwards or westwards. More generally, our results constrain timing of strain localisation and vertical axis rigid block rotation over the Aegean-Anatolian plate and demonstrate that intraplate deformation can be accomplished rapidly in response to regional-scale tectonic drivers. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume274
Issue number1-2
Early online date15 Jul 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Corinth rift
  • Megara basin
  • fault propagation
  • extension rates
  • Rio-Grande rift
  • North Anatolian fault
  • offshore Western Gulf
  • Patras rift
  • New-Mexico
  • seismotectonic significance
  • stratigraphic architecture
  • sequence stratigraphy
  • structural evolution
  • quaternary evolution

Cite this

Leeder, M. R., Mack, G. H., Brasier, A. T., Parrish, R. R., McIntosh, W. C., Andrews, J. E., & Duermeijer, C. E. (2008). Late-Pliocene timing of Corinth (Greece) rift-margin fault migration. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 274(1-2), 132-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.006

Late-Pliocene timing of Corinth (Greece) rift-margin fault migration. / Leeder, M R; Mack, G H; Brasier, A T; Parrish, R R; McIntosh, W C; Andrews, J E; Duermeijer, C E.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 274, No. 1-2, 30.09.2008, p. 132-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leeder, MR, Mack, GH, Brasier, AT, Parrish, RR, McIntosh, WC, Andrews, JE & Duermeijer, CE 2008, 'Late-Pliocene timing of Corinth (Greece) rift-margin fault migration', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 274, no. 1-2, pp. 132-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.006
Leeder, M R ; Mack, G H ; Brasier, A T ; Parrish, R R ; McIntosh, W C ; Andrews, J E ; Duermeijer, C E. / Late-Pliocene timing of Corinth (Greece) rift-margin fault migration. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2008 ; Vol. 274, No. 1-2. pp. 132-141.
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T1 - Late-Pliocene timing of Corinth (Greece) rift-margin fault migration

AU - Leeder, M R

AU - Mack, G H

AU - Brasier, A T

AU - Parrish, R R

AU - McIntosh, W C

AU - Andrews, J E

AU - Duermeijer, C E

PY - 2008/9/30

Y1 - 2008/9/30

N2 - Geochronological data for timing of Gulf of Corinth rift-margin fault migration is presented from the Megara basin, precursor to the active eastern Corinth rift. Fifteen sanidine separates from a thin tuff near the top of the sedimentary basin fill analysed by laser-fusion give apparent Ar-40-Ar-39 ages from 2.78 to 4.53 Ma. A weighted mean age of 2.82 +/- 0.06 Ma (at 2 sigma error) for the three youngest aliquots (range of mean ages 2.78-2.86 Ma) is regarded as a maximum probable age for ash eruption. Together with magnetostratigraphy results, this age constrains timing of Megara basin abandonment and likely propagation of the active South Alkyonides coastal faults that presently bound the southern rift-margin to the late-Pliocene, similar to 2.2 Ma. Initiation of the coastal faults caused uplift, fluvial incision and calcrete formation on geomorphic surfaces over the abandoned Megara basin fill. A petrocalcic laminar horizon from a supermature calcrete unconformably capping the fill gives a U-Pb age of 0.77 +/- 0.08 Ma, dating a late stage in the history of calcrete development. The new age for initiation of active faulting in the eastern rift yields a low estimate of long-term mean extension along the active South Alkyonides coastal faults of similar to 0.9-1.4 mm a(-1), consistent with previous geological data. This rate is less than the 100-year GPS-determined geodetic extension rate of 6 +/- 2.7 mm a(-1) measured along a similar to 23 degrees E meridional array just west of the Alkyonides gulf. It implies either that the geodetic rate declines rapidly over the similar to 15 km distance into the eastern gulf of that the geodetic rate is unchanged but extra strain is taken up aseismically and/or along antithetic and unrecognised major intrabasinal faults. in the full graben of the central rift displacements are similar to 3.5 km along the Xylocastro and Antikyra faults; the mean long term extension rate here since 2.2 Ma is similar to 3.5 mm a(-1), much less than current geodetic rates of similar to 10 min a(-1). In the western rift, despite a lack Of precise chronological data, geodetic and extension rates seem comparable. Overall, a late-Pliocene to early Pleistocene age is likely for initiation of the deep-marine Corinth rift, with no evidence for rift propagation, either eastwards or westwards. More generally, our results constrain timing of strain localisation and vertical axis rigid block rotation over the Aegean-Anatolian plate and demonstrate that intraplate deformation can be accomplished rapidly in response to regional-scale tectonic drivers. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Geochronological data for timing of Gulf of Corinth rift-margin fault migration is presented from the Megara basin, precursor to the active eastern Corinth rift. Fifteen sanidine separates from a thin tuff near the top of the sedimentary basin fill analysed by laser-fusion give apparent Ar-40-Ar-39 ages from 2.78 to 4.53 Ma. A weighted mean age of 2.82 +/- 0.06 Ma (at 2 sigma error) for the three youngest aliquots (range of mean ages 2.78-2.86 Ma) is regarded as a maximum probable age for ash eruption. Together with magnetostratigraphy results, this age constrains timing of Megara basin abandonment and likely propagation of the active South Alkyonides coastal faults that presently bound the southern rift-margin to the late-Pliocene, similar to 2.2 Ma. Initiation of the coastal faults caused uplift, fluvial incision and calcrete formation on geomorphic surfaces over the abandoned Megara basin fill. A petrocalcic laminar horizon from a supermature calcrete unconformably capping the fill gives a U-Pb age of 0.77 +/- 0.08 Ma, dating a late stage in the history of calcrete development. The new age for initiation of active faulting in the eastern rift yields a low estimate of long-term mean extension along the active South Alkyonides coastal faults of similar to 0.9-1.4 mm a(-1), consistent with previous geological data. This rate is less than the 100-year GPS-determined geodetic extension rate of 6 +/- 2.7 mm a(-1) measured along a similar to 23 degrees E meridional array just west of the Alkyonides gulf. It implies either that the geodetic rate declines rapidly over the similar to 15 km distance into the eastern gulf of that the geodetic rate is unchanged but extra strain is taken up aseismically and/or along antithetic and unrecognised major intrabasinal faults. in the full graben of the central rift displacements are similar to 3.5 km along the Xylocastro and Antikyra faults; the mean long term extension rate here since 2.2 Ma is similar to 3.5 mm a(-1), much less than current geodetic rates of similar to 10 min a(-1). In the western rift, despite a lack Of precise chronological data, geodetic and extension rates seem comparable. Overall, a late-Pliocene to early Pleistocene age is likely for initiation of the deep-marine Corinth rift, with no evidence for rift propagation, either eastwards or westwards. More generally, our results constrain timing of strain localisation and vertical axis rigid block rotation over the Aegean-Anatolian plate and demonstrate that intraplate deformation can be accomplished rapidly in response to regional-scale tectonic drivers. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Corinth rift

KW - Megara basin

KW - fault propagation

KW - extension rates

KW - Rio-Grande rift

KW - North Anatolian fault

KW - offshore Western Gulf

KW - Patras rift

KW - New-Mexico

KW - seismotectonic significance

KW - stratigraphic architecture

KW - sequence stratigraphy

KW - structural evolution

KW - quaternary evolution

U2 - 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.006

DO - 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.006

M3 - Article

VL - 274

SP - 132

EP - 141

JO - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

SN - 0012-821X

IS - 1-2

ER -