Leanness in postnatally nutritionally programmed rats is associated with increased sensitivity to leptin and a melanocortin receptor agonist and decreased sensitivity to neuropeptide Y

C J Stocker, E T Wargent, M S Martin-Gronert, R L Cripps, J F O'Dowd, M S Zaibi, E C Cottrell, J G Mercer, J S Duncan, M A Cawthorne, S E Ozanne, J R S Arch

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Abstract

Background:Pups of normally nourished dams that are cross-fostered after birth to dams fed a low-protein (8% by weight) diet (postnatal low protein (PLP)) grow slower during the suckling period and remain small and lean throughout adulthood. At weaning, they have increased expression in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus of the orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and decreased expression of pro-opiomelanocortin, the precursor of anorexigenic melanocortins.Objectives And Methods:We investigated, using third ventricle administration, whether 3-month-old male PLP rats display altered sensitivity to leptin with respect to food intake, NPY and the melanocortin 3/4-receptor agonist MTII, and using in situ hybridization or laser capture microdissection of the ARC followed by RT-PCR, whether the differences observed were associated with changes in the hypothalamic expression of NPY or the leptin receptor, NPY receptors and melanocortin receptors.Results:PLP rats were smaller and had reduced percentage body fat content and plasma leptin concentration compared with control rats. Leptin (5¿µg) reduced food intake over 0-48¿h more in PLP than control rats (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1046
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume36
Issue number8
Early online date29 Nov 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • postnatal nutrition
  • hypothalamus
  • leptin sensitivity
  • neuropeptide Y (NPY)
  • alpha melanocortin agonist (MTII)

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    Stocker, C. J., Wargent, E. T., Martin-Gronert, M. S., Cripps, R. L., O'Dowd, J. F., Zaibi, M. S., Cottrell, E. C., Mercer, J. G., Duncan, J. S., Cawthorne, M. A., Ozanne, S. E., & Arch, J. R. S. (2012). Leanness in postnatally nutritionally programmed rats is associated with increased sensitivity to leptin and a melanocortin receptor agonist and decreased sensitivity to neuropeptide Y. International Journal of Obesity, 36(8), 1040-1046. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.226