Leptin and leptin receptor mRNA and protein expression in the murine fetus and placenta

Nigel Hoggard, L Hunter, J S Duncan, Lynda Williams, P Trayhurn, Julian Mercer

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415 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leptin is a 167-aa protein that is secreted from adipose tissue and is important in the regulation of energy balance, It also functions in hematopoiesis and reproduction, To assess whether leptin is involved in fetal growth and development we have examined the distribution of mRNAs encoding leptin and the leptin receptor (which has at least six splice variants) in the 14.5-day postcoitus mouse fetus and in the placenta using reverse transcription-PCR and in situ hybridization, High levels of gene expression for leptin, the leptin receptor, and the long splice variant of the leptin receptor with an intracellular signaling domain were observed in the placenta, fetal cartilage/bone, and hair follicles, Receptor expression also was detected in the lung, as well as the leptomeninges and choroid plexus of the fetal brain, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry, using specific antibodies, demonstrated the presence of leptin and leptin receptor protein in these tissues, These results suggest that leptin may play a role in the growth and development of the fetus, both through placental and fetal expression of the leptin and leptin receptor genes, In the fetus, leptin may be multifunctional and have both paracrine and endocrine effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11073-11078
Number of pages6
JournalPNAS
Volume94
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 1997

Keywords

  • splice variants
  • in situ hybridization
  • immunocytochemistry
  • OBESE GENE
  • DIABETIC MICE
  • MESSENGER-RNA
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • HEMATOPOIESIS
  • HYPOTHALAMUS
  • CLONING
  • SIGNAL
  • SYSTEM
  • BRAIN

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