Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials

M C Price, N K Ramkissoon, S McMahon, K Miljkovic, J Parnell, P J Wozniakiewicz, A T Kearsley, N J F Blamey, M J Cole, M J Burchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The quantity of methane in Mars' atmosphere, and the potential mechanism(s) responsible for its production, are still unknown. In order to test viable, abiotic, methangenic processes, we experimentally investigated two possible impact mechanisms for generating methane. In the first suite of experiments, basaltic rocks were impacted at 5kms(-1) and the quantity of gases (CH4, H-2, He, N-2, O-2, Ar and CO2) released by the impacts was measured. In the second suite of experiments, a mixture of water ice, CO2 ice and anhydrous olivine grains was impacted to see if the shock induced rapid serpentinization of the olivine, and thus production of methane. The results of both suites of experiments demonstrate that impacts (at scales achievable in the laboratory) do not give rise to detectably enhanced quantities of methane release above background levels. Supporting hydrocode modelling was also performed to gain insight into the pressures and temperatures occurring during the impact events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-140
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Astrobiology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Mars
  • serpentinization
  • atmosphere
  • olivine
  • targets
  • life
  • CO2
  • simulations
  • meteorites
  • pressures

Cite this

Price, M. C., Ramkissoon, N. K., McMahon, S., Miljkovic, K., Parnell, J., Wozniakiewicz, P. J., ... Burchell, M. J. (2014). Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials. International Journal of Astrobiology, 13(2), 132-140. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1473550413000384

Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials. / Price, M C; Ramkissoon, N K; McMahon, S; Miljkovic, K; Parnell, J; Wozniakiewicz, P J; Kearsley, A T; Blamey, N J F; Cole, M J; Burchell, M J.

In: International Journal of Astrobiology, Vol. 13, No. 2, 04.2014, p. 132-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Price, MC, Ramkissoon, NK, McMahon, S, Miljkovic, K, Parnell, J, Wozniakiewicz, PJ, Kearsley, AT, Blamey, NJF, Cole, MJ & Burchell, MJ 2014, 'Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials', International Journal of Astrobiology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 132-140. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1473550413000384
Price, M C ; Ramkissoon, N K ; McMahon, S ; Miljkovic, K ; Parnell, J ; Wozniakiewicz, P J ; Kearsley, A T ; Blamey, N J F ; Cole, M J ; Burchell, M J. / Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials. In: International Journal of Astrobiology. 2014 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 132-140.
@article{1351e4dbd2524f2ab9de53c2faa63a08,
title = "Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials",
abstract = "The quantity of methane in Mars' atmosphere, and the potential mechanism(s) responsible for its production, are still unknown. In order to test viable, abiotic, methangenic processes, we experimentally investigated two possible impact mechanisms for generating methane. In the first suite of experiments, basaltic rocks were impacted at 5kms(-1) and the quantity of gases (CH4, H-2, He, N-2, O-2, Ar and CO2) released by the impacts was measured. In the second suite of experiments, a mixture of water ice, CO2 ice and anhydrous olivine grains was impacted to see if the shock induced rapid serpentinization of the olivine, and thus production of methane. The results of both suites of experiments demonstrate that impacts (at scales achievable in the laboratory) do not give rise to detectably enhanced quantities of methane release above background levels. Supporting hydrocode modelling was also performed to gain insight into the pressures and temperatures occurring during the impact events.",
keywords = "Mars, serpentinization, atmosphere, olivine, targets, life, CO2, simulations, meteorites, pressures",
author = "Price, {M C} and Ramkissoon, {N K} and S McMahon and K Miljkovic and J Parnell and Wozniakiewicz, {P J} and Kearsley, {A T} and Blamey, {N J F} and Cole, {M J} and Burchell, {M J}",
note = "The researchers at Kent acknowledge the STFC, UK for funding this work. Nisha Ramkissoon thanks the UK Space Agency for her support via an Aurora studentship. KM’s work is funded by the UnivEarthS LabEx project of the University of Sorbonne Paris Cit{\'e}.",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1017/S1473550413000384",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "132--140",
journal = "International Journal of Astrobiology",
issn = "1473-5504",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Limits on methane release and generation via hypervelocity impact of Martian analogue materials

AU - Price, M C

AU - Ramkissoon, N K

AU - McMahon, S

AU - Miljkovic, K

AU - Parnell, J

AU - Wozniakiewicz, P J

AU - Kearsley, A T

AU - Blamey, N J F

AU - Cole, M J

AU - Burchell, M J

N1 - The researchers at Kent acknowledge the STFC, UK for funding this work. Nisha Ramkissoon thanks the UK Space Agency for her support via an Aurora studentship. KM’s work is funded by the UnivEarthS LabEx project of the University of Sorbonne Paris Cité.

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - The quantity of methane in Mars' atmosphere, and the potential mechanism(s) responsible for its production, are still unknown. In order to test viable, abiotic, methangenic processes, we experimentally investigated two possible impact mechanisms for generating methane. In the first suite of experiments, basaltic rocks were impacted at 5kms(-1) and the quantity of gases (CH4, H-2, He, N-2, O-2, Ar and CO2) released by the impacts was measured. In the second suite of experiments, a mixture of water ice, CO2 ice and anhydrous olivine grains was impacted to see if the shock induced rapid serpentinization of the olivine, and thus production of methane. The results of both suites of experiments demonstrate that impacts (at scales achievable in the laboratory) do not give rise to detectably enhanced quantities of methane release above background levels. Supporting hydrocode modelling was also performed to gain insight into the pressures and temperatures occurring during the impact events.

AB - The quantity of methane in Mars' atmosphere, and the potential mechanism(s) responsible for its production, are still unknown. In order to test viable, abiotic, methangenic processes, we experimentally investigated two possible impact mechanisms for generating methane. In the first suite of experiments, basaltic rocks were impacted at 5kms(-1) and the quantity of gases (CH4, H-2, He, N-2, O-2, Ar and CO2) released by the impacts was measured. In the second suite of experiments, a mixture of water ice, CO2 ice and anhydrous olivine grains was impacted to see if the shock induced rapid serpentinization of the olivine, and thus production of methane. The results of both suites of experiments demonstrate that impacts (at scales achievable in the laboratory) do not give rise to detectably enhanced quantities of methane release above background levels. Supporting hydrocode modelling was also performed to gain insight into the pressures and temperatures occurring during the impact events.

KW - Mars

KW - serpentinization

KW - atmosphere

KW - olivine

KW - targets

KW - life

KW - CO2

KW - simulations

KW - meteorites

KW - pressures

U2 - 10.1017/S1473550413000384

DO - 10.1017/S1473550413000384

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 132

EP - 140

JO - International Journal of Astrobiology

JF - International Journal of Astrobiology

SN - 1473-5504

IS - 2

ER -