Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh

Baukje de Roos* (Corresponding Author), Nanna Roos, Abdullah-Al Mamun, Tahmeed Ahmed, Alan Arthur Sneddon, Francis Murray, Eleanor Grieve, David C Little

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective:

Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing food production sectors in many low-income and food-deficit countries with aquatic ecozones. Yet its specific impact on nutrition and livelihood in local communities, where commercial and/or export-orientated aquaculture activities are developed, is largely unknown.

Design:

The present narrative and argumentative review aims to provide an overview of our current understanding of the connections between aquaculture agroecosystems, local and national fish production, fish consumption patterns and nutrition and health outcomes.

Results:

The agroecological dynamic in a coastal-estuarine zone, where the aquatic environment ranges from fully saline to freshwater, is complex, with seasonal and annual fluctuations in freshwater supply creating a variable salinity gradient which impacts on aquatic food production and on food production more generally. The local communities living in these dynamic aquatic ecozones are vulnerable to poverty, poor diet and health, while these ecosystems produce highly valuable and nutritious aquatic foods. Policies addressing the specific challenges of risk management of these communities are limited by the sectoral separation of aquatic food production – the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the broader food sector – and public health institutions.

Conclusions:

Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2941-2949
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume22
Issue number16
Early online date5 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Bangladesh
Seafood
Food Supply
seafood
health status
agricultural ecosystem
Aquaculture
food security
food
Health Status
health
nutrition
aquaculture
food production
sectors
fishes
Food
ecozone
fisheries
risk management

Keywords

  • agrosystems
  • Aquaculture
  • Food security
  • nutritional status
  • Bangladesh
  • LMIC
  • Low-income and food-deficit countries
  • Agrosystems
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. / de Roos, Baukje (Corresponding Author); Roos, Nanna; Mamun, Abdullah-Al; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Sneddon, Alan Arthur; Murray, Francis; Grieve, Eleanor; Little, David C.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 16, 11.2019, p. 2941-2949.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

de Roos, Baukje ; Roos, Nanna ; Mamun, Abdullah-Al ; Ahmed, Tahmeed ; Sneddon, Alan Arthur ; Murray, Francis ; Grieve, Eleanor ; Little, David C. / Linking agroecosystems producing farmed seafood with food security and health status to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2019 ; Vol. 22, No. 16. pp. 2941-2949.
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abstract = "Objective:Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing food production sectors in many low-income and food-deficit countries with aquatic ecozones. Yet its specific impact on nutrition and livelihood in local communities, where commercial and/or export-orientated aquaculture activities are developed, is largely unknown.Design:The present narrative and argumentative review aims to provide an overview of our current understanding of the connections between aquaculture agroecosystems, local and national fish production, fish consumption patterns and nutrition and health outcomes.Results:The agroecological dynamic in a coastal-estuarine zone, where the aquatic environment ranges from fully saline to freshwater, is complex, with seasonal and annual fluctuations in freshwater supply creating a variable salinity gradient which impacts on aquatic food production and on food production more generally. The local communities living in these dynamic aquatic ecozones are vulnerable to poverty, poor diet and health, while these ecosystems produce highly valuable and nutritious aquatic foods. Policies addressing the specific challenges of risk management of these communities are limited by the sectoral separation of aquatic food production – the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the broader food sector – and public health institutions.Conclusions:Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh.",
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AU - Roos, Nanna

AU - Mamun, Abdullah-Al

AU - Ahmed, Tahmeed

AU - Sneddon, Alan Arthur

AU - Murray, Francis

AU - Grieve, Eleanor

AU - Little, David C

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N2 - Objective:Aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing food production sectors in many low-income and food-deficit countries with aquatic ecozones. Yet its specific impact on nutrition and livelihood in local communities, where commercial and/or export-orientated aquaculture activities are developed, is largely unknown.Design:The present narrative and argumentative review aims to provide an overview of our current understanding of the connections between aquaculture agroecosystems, local and national fish production, fish consumption patterns and nutrition and health outcomes.Results:The agroecological dynamic in a coastal-estuarine zone, where the aquatic environment ranges from fully saline to freshwater, is complex, with seasonal and annual fluctuations in freshwater supply creating a variable salinity gradient which impacts on aquatic food production and on food production more generally. The local communities living in these dynamic aquatic ecozones are vulnerable to poverty, poor diet and health, while these ecosystems produce highly valuable and nutritious aquatic foods. Policies addressing the specific challenges of risk management of these communities are limited by the sectoral separation of aquatic food production – the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the broader food sector – and public health institutions.Conclusions:Here we provide an argument for the integration of these factors to improve aquaculture value chains to better address the nutritional challenges in Bangladesh.

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KW - Food security

KW - nutritional status

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KW - LMIC

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KW - Nutritional status

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