Long-lasting floods buffer the thermal regime of the Pampas

Javier Houspanossian (Corresponding Author), Sylvain Kuppel, Marcello Nosetto, Carlos Di Bella, Patricio Oricchio, Mariana Barrucand, Matilde Rusticucci, Esteban Jobbagy

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Abstract

The presence of large water masses influences the thermal regime of nearby land shaping the local climate of coastal areas by the ocean or large continental lakes. Large surface water bodies have an ephemeral nature in the vast sedimentary plains of the Pampas (Argentina) where non-flooded periods alternate with flooding cycles covering up to one third of the landscape for several months. Based on temperature records from 17 sites located 1 to 700 km away from the Atlantic coast and MODIS land surface temperature data, we explore the effects of floods on diurnal and seasonal thermal ranges as well as temperature extremes. In non-flooded periods, there is a linear increase of mean diurnal thermal range (DTR) from the coast towards the interior of the region (DTR increasing from 10 to 16 K, 0.79 K/100 km, r2 = 0.81). This relationship weakens during flood episodes when the DTR of flood-prone inland locations shows a decline of 2 to 4 K, depending on surface water coverage in the surrounding area. DTR even approaches typical coastal values 500 km away from the ocean in the most flooded location that we studied during the three flooding cycles recorded in the study period. Frosts-free periods, a key driver of the phenology of both natural and cultivated ecosystems, are extended by up to 55 days during floods, most likely as a result of enhanced ground heat storage across the landscape (~2.7 fold change in day-night heat transfer) combined with other effects on the surface energy balance such as greater night evaporation rates. The reduced thermal range and longer frost-free periods affect plant growth development and may offer an opportunity for longer crop growing periods, which may not only contribute to partially compensating for regional production losses caused by floods, but also open avenues for flood mitigation through higher plant evapotranspirative water losses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
Volume131
Issue number1-2
Early online date15 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

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thermal regime
flooding
surface water
coast
ocean
surface energy
frost
growth and development
phenology
MODIS
water mass
energy balance
heat transfer
land surface
surface temperature
mitigation
evaporation
temperature
fold
crop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Houspanossian, J., Kuppel, S., Nosetto, M., Di Bella, C., Oricchio, P., Barrucand, M., ... Jobbagy, E. (2018). Long-lasting floods buffer the thermal regime of the Pampas. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 131(1-2), 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-1959-7

Long-lasting floods buffer the thermal regime of the Pampas. / Houspanossian, Javier (Corresponding Author); Kuppel, Sylvain; Nosetto, Marcello; Di Bella, Carlos ; Oricchio, Patricio; Barrucand, Mariana; Rusticucci, Matilde; Jobbagy, Esteban.

In: Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 131, No. 1-2, 01.2018, p. 111-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Houspanossian, J, Kuppel, S, Nosetto, M, Di Bella, C, Oricchio, P, Barrucand, M, Rusticucci, M & Jobbagy, E 2018, 'Long-lasting floods buffer the thermal regime of the Pampas', Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 131, no. 1-2, pp. 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-1959-7
Houspanossian J, Kuppel S, Nosetto M, Di Bella C, Oricchio P, Barrucand M et al. Long-lasting floods buffer the thermal regime of the Pampas. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 2018 Jan;131(1-2):111-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-1959-7
Houspanossian, Javier ; Kuppel, Sylvain ; Nosetto, Marcello ; Di Bella, Carlos ; Oricchio, Patricio ; Barrucand, Mariana ; Rusticucci, Matilde ; Jobbagy, Esteban. / Long-lasting floods buffer the thermal regime of the Pampas. In: Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 2018 ; Vol. 131, No. 1-2. pp. 111-120.
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abstract = "The presence of large water masses influences the thermal regime of nearby land shaping the local climate of coastal areas by the ocean or large continental lakes. Large surface water bodies have an ephemeral nature in the vast sedimentary plains of the Pampas (Argentina) where non-flooded periods alternate with flooding cycles covering up to one third of the landscape for several months. Based on temperature records from 17 sites located 1 to 700 km away from the Atlantic coast and MODIS land surface temperature data, we explore the effects of floods on diurnal and seasonal thermal ranges as well as temperature extremes. In non-flooded periods, there is a linear increase of mean diurnal thermal range (DTR) from the coast towards the interior of the region (DTR increasing from 10 to 16 K, 0.79 K/100 km, r2 = 0.81). This relationship weakens during flood episodes when the DTR of flood-prone inland locations shows a decline of 2 to 4 K, depending on surface water coverage in the surrounding area. DTR even approaches typical coastal values 500 km away from the ocean in the most flooded location that we studied during the three flooding cycles recorded in the study period. Frosts-free periods, a key driver of the phenology of both natural and cultivated ecosystems, are extended by up to 55 days during floods, most likely as a result of enhanced ground heat storage across the landscape (~2.7 fold change in day-night heat transfer) combined with other effects on the surface energy balance such as greater night evaporation rates. The reduced thermal range and longer frost-free periods affect plant growth development and may offer an opportunity for longer crop growing periods, which may not only contribute to partially compensating for regional production losses caused by floods, but also open avenues for flood mitigation through higher plant evapotranspirative water losses.",
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N2 - The presence of large water masses influences the thermal regime of nearby land shaping the local climate of coastal areas by the ocean or large continental lakes. Large surface water bodies have an ephemeral nature in the vast sedimentary plains of the Pampas (Argentina) where non-flooded periods alternate with flooding cycles covering up to one third of the landscape for several months. Based on temperature records from 17 sites located 1 to 700 km away from the Atlantic coast and MODIS land surface temperature data, we explore the effects of floods on diurnal and seasonal thermal ranges as well as temperature extremes. In non-flooded periods, there is a linear increase of mean diurnal thermal range (DTR) from the coast towards the interior of the region (DTR increasing from 10 to 16 K, 0.79 K/100 km, r2 = 0.81). This relationship weakens during flood episodes when the DTR of flood-prone inland locations shows a decline of 2 to 4 K, depending on surface water coverage in the surrounding area. DTR even approaches typical coastal values 500 km away from the ocean in the most flooded location that we studied during the three flooding cycles recorded in the study period. Frosts-free periods, a key driver of the phenology of both natural and cultivated ecosystems, are extended by up to 55 days during floods, most likely as a result of enhanced ground heat storage across the landscape (~2.7 fold change in day-night heat transfer) combined with other effects on the surface energy balance such as greater night evaporation rates. The reduced thermal range and longer frost-free periods affect plant growth development and may offer an opportunity for longer crop growing periods, which may not only contribute to partially compensating for regional production losses caused by floods, but also open avenues for flood mitigation through higher plant evapotranspirative water losses.

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