Looking after number two? Competition, cooperation and workplace interaction

Tim Barmby, John G. Sessions, Alexandros Zangelidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


We look for cooperation in a real-world setting in which optometrists absent less frequently in two-chair than one-chair offices because of the externality such behavior imposes on their co-worker. We motivate our empirical analysis by developing a model of worker interdependence in which two workers can either compete or cooperate. We show that, relative to a single worker working in isolation, competition unequivocally increases absence whilst cooperation may increase or decrease absence. Our empirical analysis of a unique data set finds explicit support for cooperative behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-182
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Issue numberPart A
Early online date16 Aug 2016
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016


  • absence
  • worker interdependency


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