In this study, we have investigated a possible mechanism that enables CB 1/M 3 receptor cross-talk, using SH-SY5Y cells as a model system. Our results show that M 3 receptor activation initiates signaling that rapidly upregulates the CNR1 gene, resulting in a greatly potentiated CB 1 receptor response to agonists. Calcium homeostasis plays an essential intermediary role in this functional CB 1/M 3 receptor cross-talk. We show that M 3 receptor-triggered calcium release greatly increases CB 1 receptor expression via both transcriptional and translational activity, by enhancing CNR1 promoter activity. The co-expression of M 3 and CB 1 receptors in brain areas such as the nucleus accumbens and amygdala support the hypothesis that the altered synaptic plasticity observed after exposure to cannabinoids involves cross-talk with the M 3 receptor subtype. In this context, M 3 receptors and their interaction with the cannabinoid system at the transcriptional level represent a potential pharmacogenomic target not only for the develop of new drugs for addressing addiction and tolerance. but also to understand the mechanisms underpinning response stratification to cannabinoids.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||International Journal of Molecular Sciences|
|Early online date||9 Jan 2023|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Jan 2023|
- Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1/genetics
- Calcium Signaling