Macrofauna and biostratigraphy of the Rollrock Section, northern Ellesmere Island, Canadian Arctic Islands - a comprehensive high latitude archive of the Jurassic - Cretaceous Transition

Simon Schneider*, Simon Kelly, Jorg Mutterlose, Jens Herrle, Peter Hulse, David Jolley, Claudia Schroder-Adams, Berta Lopez-Mir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Rollrock Section in the Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada, is one of the northernmost outcrops where the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition is accessible. The over 500 m thick sedimentary succession exposes the Oxfordian to Valanginian Ringnes and Deer Bay formations. Macrofauna from 15 discrete horizons includes ammonites, Buchia bivalves and belemnites. These fossils improve the biostratigraphy of the Tithonian and Berriasian in the Sverdrup Basin, provide correlation to the remainder of the Boreal Realm and set reliable calibration points. The occurrence of Buchia rugosa in the Ringnes Formation moves the upper formation boundary of from the top of the Kimmeridgian into the lower Tithonian. Dorsoplanites maximus and D. sachsi document the middle Tithonian Dorsoplanites maximus Zone in Arctic Canada for the first time. The late Tithonian to early Berriasian Buchia terebratuloides is considered to be the best approximate indicator of the Jurassic-Cretaceous transition in the Rollrock Section. The middle early Berriasian Praetollia maynci and the late early Berriasian Borealites fedorovi tie the respective horizons to the successive Chetaites sibiricus and Hectoroceras kochi zones. Two species of the belemnite Arctoteuthis, collected from an interval with glendonites, suggest a Valanginian age for the upper Deer Bay Formation. The dearth of Late Jurassic to earliest Cretaceous macrofossils in the Sverdrup Basin is inferred to be predominantly a function of diagenetic carbonate loss. Abundant dropstones and glendonites in the middle Tithonian to middle Valanginian interval suggest cold climatic conditions, and make the Rollrock Section a prime candidate for studying the Arctic environmental perturbations of this time.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104508
Number of pages37
JournalCretaceous Research
Volume114
Early online date22 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Tithonian
  • Berriasian
  • Valanginian
  • palaeoclimate
  • Buchia
  • Dorsoplanitidae
  • Craspeditinae
  • belemnites
  • Belemnites
  • Palaeoclimate
  • PATTERNS
  • STRATIGRAPHY
  • EVOLUTION
  • SEEP
  • SVERDRUP BASIN
  • CLIMATE

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