Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period

Eisquel Herrera, Nadja Nicole Reissland-Burghart

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    108 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Postnatal depression affects the emotional state of mothers and the quality of mother-infant interaction. Method: Touch behaviour and content of child-directed speech were analysed for 72 mothers and their infants during pleasurable play. Infants (18) of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 6 months old; and 18 infants of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 10 months old. Result,;: Depressed mothers in comparison with non-depressed mothers lifted their infants more, restraining their behaviours. Infants of depressed mothers in contrast to infants of non-depressed mothers spent greater periods of time in touching self rather than mother or toy, compensating for the lack of positive touch from their mothers. Mothers with depressed mood of 6-month-old infants included fewer affective and informative features in their speech than their controls. Non-depressed mothers of younger babies showed a higher use of affective features when compared with non-depressed mothers of older infants. In contrast, depressed mothers of 6- and 10-month-old babies showed similar frequencies of affect-salient speech during interactions in spite of their infants' changing developmental demands. Limitations: Mothers in this study were only mildly depressed, as assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Nevertheless, the findings indicate that mothers with depressive symptoms differ from non-depressed mothers in relation to touch and content of speech when interacting with their infants. Conclusions: These results suggest that postnatal depression may influence touch behaviour as well as the affective and informative content of maternal speech. The effect is that mothers with depressed mood in comparison with non-depressed mothers touch their infants more negatively and their speech is less well adjusted concerning the amount of emotional vs. information-related content thereby preventing depressed mothers from responding effectively to their infants' developmental needs. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-39
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
    Volume81
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Keywords

    • depressed mood
    • touch
    • maternal child-directed speech
    • infant emotional response
    • TO-FACE INTERACTION
    • MOTHER-INFANT INTERACTIONS
    • 4-MONTH-OLD INFANTS
    • TACTILE STIMULATION
    • WITHDRAWN MOTHERS
    • YOUNG-CHILDREN
    • BEHAVIOR
    • SYMPTOMS
    • IMPACT
    • SENSITIVITY

    Cite this

    Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period. / Herrera, Eisquel; Reissland-Burghart, Nadja Nicole.

    In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2004, p. 29-39.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Herrera, Eisquel ; Reissland-Burghart, Nadja Nicole. / Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2004 ; Vol. 81, No. 1. pp. 29-39.
    @article{71f09c61948843b3b3a5d41c67fa3211,
    title = "Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period",
    abstract = "Background: Postnatal depression affects the emotional state of mothers and the quality of mother-infant interaction. Method: Touch behaviour and content of child-directed speech were analysed for 72 mothers and their infants during pleasurable play. Infants (18) of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 6 months old; and 18 infants of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 10 months old. Result,;: Depressed mothers in comparison with non-depressed mothers lifted their infants more, restraining their behaviours. Infants of depressed mothers in contrast to infants of non-depressed mothers spent greater periods of time in touching self rather than mother or toy, compensating for the lack of positive touch from their mothers. Mothers with depressed mood of 6-month-old infants included fewer affective and informative features in their speech than their controls. Non-depressed mothers of younger babies showed a higher use of affective features when compared with non-depressed mothers of older infants. In contrast, depressed mothers of 6- and 10-month-old babies showed similar frequencies of affect-salient speech during interactions in spite of their infants' changing developmental demands. Limitations: Mothers in this study were only mildly depressed, as assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Nevertheless, the findings indicate that mothers with depressive symptoms differ from non-depressed mothers in relation to touch and content of speech when interacting with their infants. Conclusions: These results suggest that postnatal depression may influence touch behaviour as well as the affective and informative content of maternal speech. The effect is that mothers with depressed mood in comparison with non-depressed mothers touch their infants more negatively and their speech is less well adjusted concerning the amount of emotional vs. information-related content thereby preventing depressed mothers from responding effectively to their infants' developmental needs. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
    keywords = "depressed mood, touch, maternal child-directed speech, infant emotional response, TO-FACE INTERACTION, MOTHER-INFANT INTERACTIONS, 4-MONTH-OLD INFANTS, TACTILE STIMULATION, WITHDRAWN MOTHERS, YOUNG-CHILDREN, BEHAVIOR, SYMPTOMS, IMPACT, SENSITIVITY",
    author = "Eisquel Herrera and Reissland-Burghart, {Nadja Nicole}",
    year = "2004",
    doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2003.07.001",
    language = "English",
    volume = "81",
    pages = "29--39",
    journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
    issn = "0165-0327",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period

    AU - Herrera, Eisquel

    AU - Reissland-Burghart, Nadja Nicole

    PY - 2004

    Y1 - 2004

    N2 - Background: Postnatal depression affects the emotional state of mothers and the quality of mother-infant interaction. Method: Touch behaviour and content of child-directed speech were analysed for 72 mothers and their infants during pleasurable play. Infants (18) of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 6 months old; and 18 infants of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 10 months old. Result,;: Depressed mothers in comparison with non-depressed mothers lifted their infants more, restraining their behaviours. Infants of depressed mothers in contrast to infants of non-depressed mothers spent greater periods of time in touching self rather than mother or toy, compensating for the lack of positive touch from their mothers. Mothers with depressed mood of 6-month-old infants included fewer affective and informative features in their speech than their controls. Non-depressed mothers of younger babies showed a higher use of affective features when compared with non-depressed mothers of older infants. In contrast, depressed mothers of 6- and 10-month-old babies showed similar frequencies of affect-salient speech during interactions in spite of their infants' changing developmental demands. Limitations: Mothers in this study were only mildly depressed, as assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Nevertheless, the findings indicate that mothers with depressive symptoms differ from non-depressed mothers in relation to touch and content of speech when interacting with their infants. Conclusions: These results suggest that postnatal depression may influence touch behaviour as well as the affective and informative content of maternal speech. The effect is that mothers with depressed mood in comparison with non-depressed mothers touch their infants more negatively and their speech is less well adjusted concerning the amount of emotional vs. information-related content thereby preventing depressed mothers from responding effectively to their infants' developmental needs. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    AB - Background: Postnatal depression affects the emotional state of mothers and the quality of mother-infant interaction. Method: Touch behaviour and content of child-directed speech were analysed for 72 mothers and their infants during pleasurable play. Infants (18) of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 6 months old; and 18 infants of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 10 months old. Result,;: Depressed mothers in comparison with non-depressed mothers lifted their infants more, restraining their behaviours. Infants of depressed mothers in contrast to infants of non-depressed mothers spent greater periods of time in touching self rather than mother or toy, compensating for the lack of positive touch from their mothers. Mothers with depressed mood of 6-month-old infants included fewer affective and informative features in their speech than their controls. Non-depressed mothers of younger babies showed a higher use of affective features when compared with non-depressed mothers of older infants. In contrast, depressed mothers of 6- and 10-month-old babies showed similar frequencies of affect-salient speech during interactions in spite of their infants' changing developmental demands. Limitations: Mothers in this study were only mildly depressed, as assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Nevertheless, the findings indicate that mothers with depressive symptoms differ from non-depressed mothers in relation to touch and content of speech when interacting with their infants. Conclusions: These results suggest that postnatal depression may influence touch behaviour as well as the affective and informative content of maternal speech. The effect is that mothers with depressed mood in comparison with non-depressed mothers touch their infants more negatively and their speech is less well adjusted concerning the amount of emotional vs. information-related content thereby preventing depressed mothers from responding effectively to their infants' developmental needs. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    KW - depressed mood

    KW - touch

    KW - maternal child-directed speech

    KW - infant emotional response

    KW - TO-FACE INTERACTION

    KW - MOTHER-INFANT INTERACTIONS

    KW - 4-MONTH-OLD INFANTS

    KW - TACTILE STIMULATION

    KW - WITHDRAWN MOTHERS

    KW - YOUNG-CHILDREN

    KW - BEHAVIOR

    KW - SYMPTOMS

    KW - IMPACT

    KW - SENSITIVITY

    U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2003.07.001

    DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2003.07.001

    M3 - Article

    VL - 81

    SP - 29

    EP - 39

    JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

    JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

    SN - 0165-0327

    IS - 1

    ER -