Mechanistic and predictive profiling of 5-fluorouracil resistance in human cancer cells

W. Wang, J. Cassidy, V. O'Brien, K. M. Ryan, Elaina Susan Renata Collie-Duguid

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Abstract

Gene expression was analyzed in five pairs of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistant and parental cancer cell lines on DNA microarrays. In unsupervised analysis, a prediction rule was built from the expression profiles of 29 genes, and 5-FU sensitivity class was predicted with 100% accuracy and high predictive strength. In supervised analysis of key 5-FU pathways, expression of 91 genes was associated with 5-FU sensitivity phenotype and segregated samples accordingly in hierarchical analysis. Key genes involved in 5-FU activation were significantly down-regulated (thymidine kinase, 2.9-fold; orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, 2.3-fold; uridine monophosphate kinase, 3.2-fold; pyrimidine nucleoside phosphorylase 3.6-fold) in resistant cells. Overexpression of thymidylate synthase and its adjacent gene, c-Yes, was detected in the resistant cell lines. The mRNA and protein overexpression of nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) p65 and related antiapoptotic c-Flip gene was detected in resistant cells. The 5-FU-resistant cell lines also showed high NFkappaB DNA-binding activity. Cotransfection of NFkappaB p50 and p65 cDNA induced 5-FU resistance in MCF-7 cells. Both NFkappaB- and 5-FU-induced resistant cell lines manifested reduced expression of genes governing G(1)-S and S-phase transition. Expression of genes involved in DNA replication was also down-regulated in resistant cell lines. These findings were highly consistent with the slower growth rate, higher proportion of G(1), and lower proportion of S-phase cells in the resistant cell lines. This phenotype may protect resistant cells from cell death induced by incorporation of 5-FU into DNA chains, by allowing time to repair 5-FU-induced damage. Our findings may provide novel targets for tackling 5-FU resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8167-8176
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • NF-KAPPA-B
  • THYMIDYLATE SYNTHASE INHIBITORS
  • COLORECTAL-CANCER
  • MEDIATED APOPTOSIS
  • EXPRESSION
  • LINES
  • DEATH
  • CHEMOTHERAPY
  • ACTIVATION
  • CARCINOMA

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