This chapter is focussing on the interaction of arsenic, mercury and selenium with plans. Aspects of biotransformations are discussed, before the analytical methodologies are listed and critically appraised in the second part. A holistic view is given, starting from the soil environment and continuing to the plant roots and the translocations into the upper part of the plants. Under different soil conditions, different kinds of elemental species are identified, which have an impact on how the elemental species are taken up by the plant. The uptake mechanisms of these elemental species are explained and compared before the biotransformation reactions of all elemental species in the plant root; their transport into the vacuoles and translocation to the leaves and grains are discussed. Here in particular the interaction with sulphur-rich phytochelatins is described for all three elemental species. Since the sulphur chemistry is so important for the uptake, bioaccumulation and translocation of the metals and metalloids, a subchapter about sulphur chemistry in plants has been added. All aspects of biotransformation dealt with in this chapter is finally rounded up by a thorough description of the analytical methodology given with a focus on the use of HPLC-ICPMS/ESI-MS for both quantitative and molecular analysis.