Methods and impact of health screening for hospital staff

Susan Michie, Marie Johnston, A Cockroft, C Ellinghouse, C Gooch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines: (1) the impact of two methods of giving screening results on health behaviour and beliefs, evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. (2) The association between uptake of screening and health risk behaviours and beliefs.

Two methods of feedback of screening results were given: simple informational feedback, and more extensive feedback, including target-setting and a written contract. At six month follow-up, those who received simple informational feedback had lost less weight and had increased their exercise less than those who received more extensive feedback.

Attenders believed more strongly in the relationship between lifestyle and health, perceived themselves as less healthy than others and scored higher on the GHQ than staff who did not attend for screening. These results suggest that belief in the effectiveness of lifestyle change in promoting health, and anxiety about health, can influence uptake of screening. Second, the method of presenting screening results can influence the impact of screening on subsequent behaviour change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-92
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995

Fingerprint

hospital staff
Health
health
health behavior
Life Style
Health Behavior
Contracts
Risk-Taking
health risk
risk behavior
Anxiety
Randomized Controlled Trials
Staff
Screening
anxiety
staff
Weights and Measures

Cite this

Methods and impact of health screening for hospital staff. / Michie, Susan; Johnston, Marie; Cockroft, A; Ellinghouse, C; Gooch, C.

In: Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.1995, p. 85-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Michie, Susan ; Johnston, Marie ; Cockroft, A ; Ellinghouse, C ; Gooch, C. / Methods and impact of health screening for hospital staff. In: Journal of Organizational Behavior. 1995 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 85-92.
@article{cb09e8b04550435da07521b6c0caf9fa,
title = "Methods and impact of health screening for hospital staff",
abstract = "This study examines: (1) the impact of two methods of giving screening results on health behaviour and beliefs, evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. (2) The association between uptake of screening and health risk behaviours and beliefs. Two methods of feedback of screening results were given: simple informational feedback, and more extensive feedback, including target-setting and a written contract. At six month follow-up, those who received simple informational feedback had lost less weight and had increased their exercise less than those who received more extensive feedback. Attenders believed more strongly in the relationship between lifestyle and health, perceived themselves as less healthy than others and scored higher on the GHQ than staff who did not attend for screening. These results suggest that belief in the effectiveness of lifestyle change in promoting health, and anxiety about health, can influence uptake of screening. Second, the method of presenting screening results can influence the impact of screening on subsequent behaviour change.",
author = "Susan Michie and Marie Johnston and A Cockroft and C Ellinghouse and C Gooch",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1002/job.4030160110",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "85--92",
journal = "Journal of Organizational Behavior",
issn = "0894-3796",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Methods and impact of health screening for hospital staff

AU - Michie, Susan

AU - Johnston, Marie

AU - Cockroft, A

AU - Ellinghouse, C

AU - Gooch, C

PY - 1995/1

Y1 - 1995/1

N2 - This study examines: (1) the impact of two methods of giving screening results on health behaviour and beliefs, evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. (2) The association between uptake of screening and health risk behaviours and beliefs. Two methods of feedback of screening results were given: simple informational feedback, and more extensive feedback, including target-setting and a written contract. At six month follow-up, those who received simple informational feedback had lost less weight and had increased their exercise less than those who received more extensive feedback. Attenders believed more strongly in the relationship between lifestyle and health, perceived themselves as less healthy than others and scored higher on the GHQ than staff who did not attend for screening. These results suggest that belief in the effectiveness of lifestyle change in promoting health, and anxiety about health, can influence uptake of screening. Second, the method of presenting screening results can influence the impact of screening on subsequent behaviour change.

AB - This study examines: (1) the impact of two methods of giving screening results on health behaviour and beliefs, evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. (2) The association between uptake of screening and health risk behaviours and beliefs. Two methods of feedback of screening results were given: simple informational feedback, and more extensive feedback, including target-setting and a written contract. At six month follow-up, those who received simple informational feedback had lost less weight and had increased their exercise less than those who received more extensive feedback. Attenders believed more strongly in the relationship between lifestyle and health, perceived themselves as less healthy than others and scored higher on the GHQ than staff who did not attend for screening. These results suggest that belief in the effectiveness of lifestyle change in promoting health, and anxiety about health, can influence uptake of screening. Second, the method of presenting screening results can influence the impact of screening on subsequent behaviour change.

U2 - 10.1002/job.4030160110

DO - 10.1002/job.4030160110

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 85

EP - 92

JO - Journal of Organizational Behavior

JF - Journal of Organizational Behavior

SN - 0894-3796

IS - 1

ER -