Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers

W A House, D Leach, J L A Long, P Cranwell, C Smith, L Bharwaj, A Meharg, G Ryland, D O Orr, J Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concentrations of a range of micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers have been measured at weekly intervals over a period of 1 year. The compounds include the triazine herbicides (simazine, atrazine, propazine, desmetryn and prometryn), selected organophosphorus insecticides (fenitrothion, malathion and parathion), phenylurea (chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon and linuron) and phenoxyacid herbicides (2,4-D, MCPA, MCPB and mecoprop), phenol derivatives (phenol, 2-ethylphenol, 2-chlorophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-methylphenol, 4-ethylphenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol), organochlorine insecticides (HEOD, DDT, TDE, DDE, HCB, alpha-BHC and lindane), PCB's and some synthetic pyrethroid insecticides (cis/trans-permethrin, fenvalerate and cypermethrin). The results indicate the high frequency of occurrence of many compounds in the southern Humber rivers Aire, Calder, Trent and Don compared with the more occasional concentrations found in the upland rivers with catchments dominated by low intensity agriculture. The more water soluble herbicides, atrazine, simazine, isoproturon and diuron are detected frequently in the southern rivers with the highest concentrations and abundance in the rivers Aire, Calder and Trent. The most abundant phenolic compound is 2,4-dichlorophenol usually occurring at concentrations <1 mu g/l. The organochlorine insecticides and PCB's are generally at concentrations <0.01 mu g/l, cis/trans-permethrin are the only synthetic pyrethroids detected and these are found in the rivers Aire and Calder at about equal concentrations of between 0.01 and 0.11 mu g/l. The results of the occurrence of simazine and atrazine in the rivers Trent, Don and Aire illustrate peaks in concentration in the spring and then later in the year during the early autumn coinciding with the first major storm after the summer. In the rivers Trent and Don, the annual exports (March 1994-95) of atrazine are lower than for simazine whereas in the R. Calder the yield of atrazine is higher than for simazine suggesting differences in use in these catchments. The maximum triazine concentration observed, i.e. 8 mu g/l of atrazine in the R. Calder, could have inhibiting effects on the phytoplankton and algal growth, although because of the transient nature of the peaks, recovery is expected to be rapid. The only other compounds measured at concentrations likely to produce detrimental ecotoxicological effects are cis/trans permethrin in the rivers Aire and Calder. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-371
Number of pages15
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume194-195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 1997

Keywords

  • Lois
  • Humber
  • micro organic compounds
  • triazine
  • organophosphorus
  • pesticides
  • herbicides
  • pyrethroids
  • organochlorine insecticides
  • river flux
  • water quality
  • partition-coefficients
  • octanol-water
  • atrazine
  • sorption
  • residues
  • impact

Cite this

House, W. A., Leach, D., Long, J. L. A., Cranwell, P., Smith, C., Bharwaj, L., ... Wright, J. (1997). Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers. Science of the Total Environment, 194-195, 357-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05375-2

Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers. / House, W A ; Leach, D ; Long, J L A ; Cranwell, P ; Smith, C ; Bharwaj, L ; Meharg, A ; Ryland, G ; Orr, D O ; Wright, J .

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 194-195, 24.02.1997, p. 357-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

House, WA, Leach, D, Long, JLA, Cranwell, P, Smith, C, Bharwaj, L, Meharg, A, Ryland, G, Orr, DO & Wright, J 1997, 'Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 194-195, pp. 357-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05375-2
House WA, Leach D, Long JLA, Cranwell P, Smith C, Bharwaj L et al. Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers. Science of the Total Environment. 1997 Feb 24;194-195:357-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05375-2
House, W A ; Leach, D ; Long, J L A ; Cranwell, P ; Smith, C ; Bharwaj, L ; Meharg, A ; Ryland, G ; Orr, D O ; Wright, J . / Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers. In: Science of the Total Environment. 1997 ; Vol. 194-195. pp. 357-371.
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T1 - Micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers

AU - House, W A

AU - Leach, D

AU - Long, J L A

AU - Cranwell, P

AU - Smith, C

AU - Bharwaj, L

AU - Meharg, A

AU - Ryland, G

AU - Orr, D O

AU - Wright, J

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N2 - The concentrations of a range of micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers have been measured at weekly intervals over a period of 1 year. The compounds include the triazine herbicides (simazine, atrazine, propazine, desmetryn and prometryn), selected organophosphorus insecticides (fenitrothion, malathion and parathion), phenylurea (chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon and linuron) and phenoxyacid herbicides (2,4-D, MCPA, MCPB and mecoprop), phenol derivatives (phenol, 2-ethylphenol, 2-chlorophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-methylphenol, 4-ethylphenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol), organochlorine insecticides (HEOD, DDT, TDE, DDE, HCB, alpha-BHC and lindane), PCB's and some synthetic pyrethroid insecticides (cis/trans-permethrin, fenvalerate and cypermethrin). The results indicate the high frequency of occurrence of many compounds in the southern Humber rivers Aire, Calder, Trent and Don compared with the more occasional concentrations found in the upland rivers with catchments dominated by low intensity agriculture. The more water soluble herbicides, atrazine, simazine, isoproturon and diuron are detected frequently in the southern rivers with the highest concentrations and abundance in the rivers Aire, Calder and Trent. The most abundant phenolic compound is 2,4-dichlorophenol usually occurring at concentrations <1 mu g/l. The organochlorine insecticides and PCB's are generally at concentrations <0.01 mu g/l, cis/trans-permethrin are the only synthetic pyrethroids detected and these are found in the rivers Aire and Calder at about equal concentrations of between 0.01 and 0.11 mu g/l. The results of the occurrence of simazine and atrazine in the rivers Trent, Don and Aire illustrate peaks in concentration in the spring and then later in the year during the early autumn coinciding with the first major storm after the summer. In the rivers Trent and Don, the annual exports (March 1994-95) of atrazine are lower than for simazine whereas in the R. Calder the yield of atrazine is higher than for simazine suggesting differences in use in these catchments. The maximum triazine concentration observed, i.e. 8 mu g/l of atrazine in the R. Calder, could have inhibiting effects on the phytoplankton and algal growth, although because of the transient nature of the peaks, recovery is expected to be rapid. The only other compounds measured at concentrations likely to produce detrimental ecotoxicological effects are cis/trans permethrin in the rivers Aire and Calder. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - The concentrations of a range of micro-organic compounds in the Humber rivers have been measured at weekly intervals over a period of 1 year. The compounds include the triazine herbicides (simazine, atrazine, propazine, desmetryn and prometryn), selected organophosphorus insecticides (fenitrothion, malathion and parathion), phenylurea (chlorotoluron, diuron, isoproturon and linuron) and phenoxyacid herbicides (2,4-D, MCPA, MCPB and mecoprop), phenol derivatives (phenol, 2-ethylphenol, 2-chlorophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-methylphenol, 4-ethylphenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol), organochlorine insecticides (HEOD, DDT, TDE, DDE, HCB, alpha-BHC and lindane), PCB's and some synthetic pyrethroid insecticides (cis/trans-permethrin, fenvalerate and cypermethrin). The results indicate the high frequency of occurrence of many compounds in the southern Humber rivers Aire, Calder, Trent and Don compared with the more occasional concentrations found in the upland rivers with catchments dominated by low intensity agriculture. The more water soluble herbicides, atrazine, simazine, isoproturon and diuron are detected frequently in the southern rivers with the highest concentrations and abundance in the rivers Aire, Calder and Trent. The most abundant phenolic compound is 2,4-dichlorophenol usually occurring at concentrations <1 mu g/l. The organochlorine insecticides and PCB's are generally at concentrations <0.01 mu g/l, cis/trans-permethrin are the only synthetic pyrethroids detected and these are found in the rivers Aire and Calder at about equal concentrations of between 0.01 and 0.11 mu g/l. The results of the occurrence of simazine and atrazine in the rivers Trent, Don and Aire illustrate peaks in concentration in the spring and then later in the year during the early autumn coinciding with the first major storm after the summer. In the rivers Trent and Don, the annual exports (March 1994-95) of atrazine are lower than for simazine whereas in the R. Calder the yield of atrazine is higher than for simazine suggesting differences in use in these catchments. The maximum triazine concentration observed, i.e. 8 mu g/l of atrazine in the R. Calder, could have inhibiting effects on the phytoplankton and algal growth, although because of the transient nature of the peaks, recovery is expected to be rapid. The only other compounds measured at concentrations likely to produce detrimental ecotoxicological effects are cis/trans permethrin in the rivers Aire and Calder. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

KW - Lois

KW - Humber

KW - micro organic compounds

KW - triazine

KW - organophosphorus

KW - pesticides

KW - herbicides

KW - pyrethroids

KW - organochlorine insecticides

KW - river flux

KW - water quality

KW - partition-coefficients

KW - octanol-water

KW - atrazine

KW - sorption

KW - residues

KW - impact

U2 - 10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05375-2

DO - 10.1016/S0048-9697(96)05375-2

M3 - Article

VL - 194-195

SP - 357

EP - 371

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -