Micro-scale habitat associations of woody plants in a neotropical cloud forest

Alicia Ledo*, David F. R. P. Burslem, Sonia Condés, Fernando Montes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Questions: Species-habitat associations may contribute to the maintenance of species richness in tropical forests, but previous research has been conducted almost exclusively in lowland forests and has emphasized the importance of topography and edaphic conditions. Is the distribution of woody plant species in a Peruvian cloud forest determined by microhabitat conditions? What is the role of environmental characteristics and forest structure in habitat partitioning in a tropical cloud forest? Location: Cloud Forest, north Peruvian Andes. Methods: We examined species-habitat associations in three 1-ha plots using the torus-translation method. We used three different criteria to define habitats for habitat partitioning analyses, based on microtopography, forest structure and both sets of factors. The number of species associated either positively or negatively with each habitat was assessed. Results: Habitats defined on the basis of environmental conditions and forest structure discriminated a greater number of positive and negative associations at the scale of our analyses in a tropical cloud forest. Conclusions: Both topographic conditions and forest structure contribute to small-scale microhabitat partitioning of woody plant species in a Peruvian tropical cloud forest. Nevertheless, canopy species were most correlated with the distribution of environmental variables, while understorey species displayed associations with forest structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1086-1097
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Volume24
Issue number6
Early online date20 Dec 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

cloud forest
tropical montane cloud forests
woody plant
woody plants
tropical forests
habitat
tropical forest
habitats
partitioning
microhabitat
microhabitats
environmental factors
microtopography
microrelief
lowland forests
understory
topography
species richness
environmental conditions
canopy

Keywords

  • Andes
  • Dispersal limitation
  • Habitat partitioning
  • Montane tropical forest
  • Peru
  • Spatial pattern
  • Species co-existence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Micro-scale habitat associations of woody plants in a neotropical cloud forest. / Ledo, Alicia; Burslem, David F. R. P.; Condés, Sonia; Montes, Fernando.

In: Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 24, No. 6, 11.2013, p. 1086-1097.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ledo, Alicia ; Burslem, David F. R. P. ; Condés, Sonia ; Montes, Fernando. / Micro-scale habitat associations of woody plants in a neotropical cloud forest. In: Journal of Vegetation Science. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 1086-1097.
@article{cf2967ebe3524952a02e5ff6edf4b522,
title = "Micro-scale habitat associations of woody plants in a neotropical cloud forest",
abstract = "Questions: Species-habitat associations may contribute to the maintenance of species richness in tropical forests, but previous research has been conducted almost exclusively in lowland forests and has emphasized the importance of topography and edaphic conditions. Is the distribution of woody plant species in a Peruvian cloud forest determined by microhabitat conditions? What is the role of environmental characteristics and forest structure in habitat partitioning in a tropical cloud forest? Location: Cloud Forest, north Peruvian Andes. Methods: We examined species-habitat associations in three 1-ha plots using the torus-translation method. We used three different criteria to define habitats for habitat partitioning analyses, based on microtopography, forest structure and both sets of factors. The number of species associated either positively or negatively with each habitat was assessed. Results: Habitats defined on the basis of environmental conditions and forest structure discriminated a greater number of positive and negative associations at the scale of our analyses in a tropical cloud forest. Conclusions: Both topographic conditions and forest structure contribute to small-scale microhabitat partitioning of woody plant species in a Peruvian tropical cloud forest. Nevertheless, canopy species were most correlated with the distribution of environmental variables, while understorey species displayed associations with forest structure.",
keywords = "Andes, Dispersal limitation, Habitat partitioning, Montane tropical forest, Peru, Spatial pattern, Species co-existence",
author = "Alicia Ledo and Burslem, {David F. R. P.} and Sonia Cond{\'e}s and Fernando Montes",
note = "We would like to thank Liza Comita for the R code and her helpful comments, and Wilder Caba for help with fieldwork. Most of the research for this paper was carried out during the first author's stay at Aberdeen University. The research was funded through a PhD grant from the Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid and the fieldwork was partly supported by the Consejo Social de la Universidad Polit{\'e}cnica de Madrid.",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/jvs.12023",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1086--1097",
journal = "Journal of Vegetation Science",
issn = "1100-9233",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Micro-scale habitat associations of woody plants in a neotropical cloud forest

AU - Ledo, Alicia

AU - Burslem, David F. R. P.

AU - Condés, Sonia

AU - Montes, Fernando

N1 - We would like to thank Liza Comita for the R code and her helpful comments, and Wilder Caba for help with fieldwork. Most of the research for this paper was carried out during the first author's stay at Aberdeen University. The research was funded through a PhD grant from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and the fieldwork was partly supported by the Consejo Social de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - Questions: Species-habitat associations may contribute to the maintenance of species richness in tropical forests, but previous research has been conducted almost exclusively in lowland forests and has emphasized the importance of topography and edaphic conditions. Is the distribution of woody plant species in a Peruvian cloud forest determined by microhabitat conditions? What is the role of environmental characteristics and forest structure in habitat partitioning in a tropical cloud forest? Location: Cloud Forest, north Peruvian Andes. Methods: We examined species-habitat associations in three 1-ha plots using the torus-translation method. We used three different criteria to define habitats for habitat partitioning analyses, based on microtopography, forest structure and both sets of factors. The number of species associated either positively or negatively with each habitat was assessed. Results: Habitats defined on the basis of environmental conditions and forest structure discriminated a greater number of positive and negative associations at the scale of our analyses in a tropical cloud forest. Conclusions: Both topographic conditions and forest structure contribute to small-scale microhabitat partitioning of woody plant species in a Peruvian tropical cloud forest. Nevertheless, canopy species were most correlated with the distribution of environmental variables, while understorey species displayed associations with forest structure.

AB - Questions: Species-habitat associations may contribute to the maintenance of species richness in tropical forests, but previous research has been conducted almost exclusively in lowland forests and has emphasized the importance of topography and edaphic conditions. Is the distribution of woody plant species in a Peruvian cloud forest determined by microhabitat conditions? What is the role of environmental characteristics and forest structure in habitat partitioning in a tropical cloud forest? Location: Cloud Forest, north Peruvian Andes. Methods: We examined species-habitat associations in three 1-ha plots using the torus-translation method. We used three different criteria to define habitats for habitat partitioning analyses, based on microtopography, forest structure and both sets of factors. The number of species associated either positively or negatively with each habitat was assessed. Results: Habitats defined on the basis of environmental conditions and forest structure discriminated a greater number of positive and negative associations at the scale of our analyses in a tropical cloud forest. Conclusions: Both topographic conditions and forest structure contribute to small-scale microhabitat partitioning of woody plant species in a Peruvian tropical cloud forest. Nevertheless, canopy species were most correlated with the distribution of environmental variables, while understorey species displayed associations with forest structure.

KW - Andes

KW - Dispersal limitation

KW - Habitat partitioning

KW - Montane tropical forest

KW - Peru

KW - Spatial pattern

KW - Species co-existence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885176202&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jvs.12023

DO - 10.1111/jvs.12023

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 1086

EP - 1097

JO - Journal of Vegetation Science

JF - Journal of Vegetation Science

SN - 1100-9233

IS - 6

ER -