OBJECTIVE: To compare menstrual status, satisfaction, and acceptability of microwave endometrial ablation with transcervical endometrial resection for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding.
METHODS: Women were randomized to either endometrial ablative method. Menstrual status, satisfaction, acceptability, and changes in health-related quality of life were obtained by a self-completed questionnaire. Case note review and personal communication identified farther surgery rates at 2 years after each procedure.
RESULTS: Among the original 263 women who underwent endometrial ablation, 24 (95%) returned questionnaires at 2 years. Menstrual status in both groups was similar, although the amenorrhea rate was higher after microwave endometrial ablation. Seventy-nine percent of women were either completely or generally satisfied after microwave ablation compared with 67% after transcervical endometrial resection. Health-related quality-of-life scores remained higher than at recruitment for both treatments. Hysterectomy rates were similar at 2 years (11.6% after microwave endometrial ablation and 12.7% after transcervical endometrial resection), and no repeat endometrial ablative procedures were required.
CONCLUSION: Microwave endometrial ablation is an effective alternative to transcervical endometrial resection for dysfunctional uterine bleeding. (Obstet Gynecol 2002;99: 983-7. (C) 2002 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists).
- HEALTH SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE
- HEAVY MENSTRUAL LOSS
- ABDOMINAL HYSTERECTOMY
- SURVEY SF-36