Mid-Infrared Pumped Laser-Induced Thermal Grating Spectroscopy for Detection of Acetylene in the Visible Spectral Range

Anna-Lena Sahlberg, Johannes Kiefer*, Marcus Alden, Zhongshan Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present mid-infrared laser-induced thermal grating spectroscopy (IR-LITGS) using excitation radiation around 3 mu m generated by a simple broadband optical parametric oscillator (OPO). Acetylene as a typical small hydrocarbon molecule is used as an example target species. A mid-infrared broadband OPO pumped by the fundamental output of a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser was used to generate the pump beams, with pulse energies of 6-10mJ depending on the wavelength. The line width of the OPO idler beam was approximate to 5cm(-1), which is large enough to cover up to six adjacent acetylene lines. The probe beam was the radiation of a 532nm cw solid state laser with 190 mW output power. Signals were generated in atmospheric pressure gas flows of N-2, air, CO2 and Ar with small admixtures of C2H2. A detection limit of less than 300ppm was found for a point measurement of C2H2 diluted in N-2. As expected, the oscillation frequency of the IR-LITGS signal was found to have a large dependency on the buffer gas, which allows determination of the speed of sound. Moreover, the results reveal a very strong collisional energy exchange between C2H2 and CO2 compared to the other gases. This manifests as significant local heating. In summary, the MIR-LITGS technique enables spectroscopy of fundamental vibrational transitions in the infrared via detection in the visible spectral range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1043
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Spectroscopy
Volume70
Issue number6
Early online date18 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Hydrocarbon detection
  • laser-induced gratings
  • LITGS
  • nonlinear optical spectroscopy
  • acetylene
  • quenching
  • GAS-PHASE DIAGNOSTICS
  • HIGH-PRESSURE
  • TEMPERATURE
  • MIXTURES
  • EXCITATION
  • ACOUSTICS
  • RADIATION
  • VELOCITY
  • OVERTONE
  • METHANE

Cite this

Mid-Infrared Pumped Laser-Induced Thermal Grating Spectroscopy for Detection of Acetylene in the Visible Spectral Range. / Sahlberg, Anna-Lena; Kiefer, Johannes; Alden, Marcus; Li, Zhongshan.

In: Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 70, No. 6, 06.2016, p. 1034-1043.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sahlberg, Anna-Lena ; Kiefer, Johannes ; Alden, Marcus ; Li, Zhongshan. / Mid-Infrared Pumped Laser-Induced Thermal Grating Spectroscopy for Detection of Acetylene in the Visible Spectral Range. In: Applied Spectroscopy. 2016 ; Vol. 70, No. 6. pp. 1034-1043.
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AB - We present mid-infrared laser-induced thermal grating spectroscopy (IR-LITGS) using excitation radiation around 3 mu m generated by a simple broadband optical parametric oscillator (OPO). Acetylene as a typical small hydrocarbon molecule is used as an example target species. A mid-infrared broadband OPO pumped by the fundamental output of a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser was used to generate the pump beams, with pulse energies of 6-10mJ depending on the wavelength. The line width of the OPO idler beam was approximate to 5cm(-1), which is large enough to cover up to six adjacent acetylene lines. The probe beam was the radiation of a 532nm cw solid state laser with 190 mW output power. Signals were generated in atmospheric pressure gas flows of N-2, air, CO2 and Ar with small admixtures of C2H2. A detection limit of less than 300ppm was found for a point measurement of C2H2 diluted in N-2. As expected, the oscillation frequency of the IR-LITGS signal was found to have a large dependency on the buffer gas, which allows determination of the speed of sound. Moreover, the results reveal a very strong collisional energy exchange between C2H2 and CO2 compared to the other gases. This manifests as significant local heating. In summary, the MIR-LITGS technique enables spectroscopy of fundamental vibrational transitions in the infrared via detection in the visible spectral range.

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KW - ACOUSTICS

KW - RADIATION

KW - VELOCITY

KW - OVERTONE

KW - METHANE

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