Middle Jurassic vegetation dynamics from allochthonous palynological assemblages: an example from a marginal marine depositional setting; Lajas Formation, Neuquén Basin, Argentina

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Abstract

Middle Jurassic marginal marine sediments from four successions within the Lajas Formation, Neuquén Basin, Argentina, were analysed to establish their palynofloral composition. The palynofloras, mostly of terrestrial origin, are characterised by a dominance of Classopollis spp. and common Pityosporites spp.; Deltoidospora spp.; Araucariaceae and inaperturate pollen. Correspondence analysis performed on the palynomorph assemblages derived ecological groupings characteristic of a number of palaeoenvironments from coastal/deltaic, river margins and floodplains, to higher altitude arid forests. The ecological groupings differ between the four studied successions indicating a dynamic ecosystem. Delta top depositional settings have ecological groupings characteristic of mid-late seral communities, whereas delta front and bayfill depositional settings have ecological groupings displaying early-mid seral communities. This study discusses the taphonomic and palaeoecological reasons for these changes in palaeoecological grouping.

The relationships between natural ecological groupings of taxa determined using correspondence analysis provide evidence for the first order drivers of vegetation dynamics. Water availability and environmental stress (substrate disturbance) are proposed as the most important drivers of palaeofloral seral succession during the Middle Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin. This relationship between floral communities and their palaeoenvironment can be related to the ecological parameters of modern floras suggesting that similar ecological drivers control palaeofloral assemblages as far back, at least, as the Middle Jurassic.

The process used herein provides a thorough methodology of understanding floral palaeoecologies and drivers of seral succession in plant communities from allochthonous materials in marginal marine depositional settings. From this, a greater understanding of the depositional environment can be derived through the appreciation of taphonomic processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-127
Number of pages10
JournalReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Volume392
Early online date19 Sep 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2013

Fingerprint

vegetation dynamics
basin evolution
Argentina
Jurassic
Araucariaceae
basins
vegetation
marine sediments
paleoenvironment
correspondence analysis
floodplains
plant communities
flora
pollen
palynomorph
rivers
ecosystem dynamics
ecosystems
environmental stress
water availability

Keywords

  • Middle Jurassic
  • vegetation dynamics
  • correspondence analysis
  • palyngology
  • Neuquen Basin

Cite this

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title = "Middle Jurassic vegetation dynamics from allochthonous palynological assemblages: an example from a marginal marine depositional setting; Lajas Formation, Neuqu{\'e}n Basin, Argentina",
abstract = "Middle Jurassic marginal marine sediments from four successions within the Lajas Formation, Neuqu{\'e}n Basin, Argentina, were analysed to establish their palynofloral composition. The palynofloras, mostly of terrestrial origin, are characterised by a dominance of Classopollis spp. and common Pityosporites spp.; Deltoidospora spp.; Araucariaceae and inaperturate pollen. Correspondence analysis performed on the palynomorph assemblages derived ecological groupings characteristic of a number of palaeoenvironments from coastal/deltaic, river margins and floodplains, to higher altitude arid forests. The ecological groupings differ between the four studied successions indicating a dynamic ecosystem. Delta top depositional settings have ecological groupings characteristic of mid-late seral communities, whereas delta front and bayfill depositional settings have ecological groupings displaying early-mid seral communities. This study discusses the taphonomic and palaeoecological reasons for these changes in palaeoecological grouping.The relationships between natural ecological groupings of taxa determined using correspondence analysis provide evidence for the first order drivers of vegetation dynamics. Water availability and environmental stress (substrate disturbance) are proposed as the most important drivers of palaeofloral seral succession during the Middle Jurassic of the Neuqu{\'e}n Basin. This relationship between floral communities and their palaeoenvironment can be related to the ecological parameters of modern floras suggesting that similar ecological drivers control palaeofloral assemblages as far back, at least, as the Middle Jurassic.The process used herein provides a thorough methodology of understanding floral palaeoecologies and drivers of seral succession in plant communities from allochthonous materials in marginal marine depositional settings. From this, a greater understanding of the depositional environment can be derived through the appreciation of taphonomic processes.",
keywords = "Middle Jurassic, vegetation dynamics, correspondence analysis, palyngology, Neuquen Basin",
author = "Jolley, {David William}",
year = "2013",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Middle Jurassic vegetation dynamics from allochthonous palynological assemblages

T2 - an example from a marginal marine depositional setting; Lajas Formation, Neuquén Basin, Argentina

AU - Jolley, David William

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Y1 - 2013/12/15

N2 - Middle Jurassic marginal marine sediments from four successions within the Lajas Formation, Neuquén Basin, Argentina, were analysed to establish their palynofloral composition. The palynofloras, mostly of terrestrial origin, are characterised by a dominance of Classopollis spp. and common Pityosporites spp.; Deltoidospora spp.; Araucariaceae and inaperturate pollen. Correspondence analysis performed on the palynomorph assemblages derived ecological groupings characteristic of a number of palaeoenvironments from coastal/deltaic, river margins and floodplains, to higher altitude arid forests. The ecological groupings differ between the four studied successions indicating a dynamic ecosystem. Delta top depositional settings have ecological groupings characteristic of mid-late seral communities, whereas delta front and bayfill depositional settings have ecological groupings displaying early-mid seral communities. This study discusses the taphonomic and palaeoecological reasons for these changes in palaeoecological grouping.The relationships between natural ecological groupings of taxa determined using correspondence analysis provide evidence for the first order drivers of vegetation dynamics. Water availability and environmental stress (substrate disturbance) are proposed as the most important drivers of palaeofloral seral succession during the Middle Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin. This relationship between floral communities and their palaeoenvironment can be related to the ecological parameters of modern floras suggesting that similar ecological drivers control palaeofloral assemblages as far back, at least, as the Middle Jurassic.The process used herein provides a thorough methodology of understanding floral palaeoecologies and drivers of seral succession in plant communities from allochthonous materials in marginal marine depositional settings. From this, a greater understanding of the depositional environment can be derived through the appreciation of taphonomic processes.

AB - Middle Jurassic marginal marine sediments from four successions within the Lajas Formation, Neuquén Basin, Argentina, were analysed to establish their palynofloral composition. The palynofloras, mostly of terrestrial origin, are characterised by a dominance of Classopollis spp. and common Pityosporites spp.; Deltoidospora spp.; Araucariaceae and inaperturate pollen. Correspondence analysis performed on the palynomorph assemblages derived ecological groupings characteristic of a number of palaeoenvironments from coastal/deltaic, river margins and floodplains, to higher altitude arid forests. The ecological groupings differ between the four studied successions indicating a dynamic ecosystem. Delta top depositional settings have ecological groupings characteristic of mid-late seral communities, whereas delta front and bayfill depositional settings have ecological groupings displaying early-mid seral communities. This study discusses the taphonomic and palaeoecological reasons for these changes in palaeoecological grouping.The relationships between natural ecological groupings of taxa determined using correspondence analysis provide evidence for the first order drivers of vegetation dynamics. Water availability and environmental stress (substrate disturbance) are proposed as the most important drivers of palaeofloral seral succession during the Middle Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin. This relationship between floral communities and their palaeoenvironment can be related to the ecological parameters of modern floras suggesting that similar ecological drivers control palaeofloral assemblages as far back, at least, as the Middle Jurassic.The process used herein provides a thorough methodology of understanding floral palaeoecologies and drivers of seral succession in plant communities from allochthonous materials in marginal marine depositional settings. From this, a greater understanding of the depositional environment can be derived through the appreciation of taphonomic processes.

KW - Middle Jurassic

KW - vegetation dynamics

KW - correspondence analysis

KW - palyngology

KW - Neuquen Basin

U2 - 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.09.002

DO - 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.09.002

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VL - 392

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EP - 127

JO - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology

JF - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology

SN - 0034-6667

ER -