Minimal access surgery for cholelithiasis induces an attenuated acute phase response

D M Bruce, M Smith, C B J Walker, S D Heys, N R Binnie, D B Gough, J Broom, O Eremin

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Some benefits of laparoscopic (LC) and minilaparotomy (NIC) cholecystectomy may reflect attenuation of the acute phase response. The authors examined components of this response.

METHODS: Patients were randomized to LC (n = 11) or MC (n = II). C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT), retinol-binding protein (RBP), transferrin, and albumin were measured preoperatively and on postoperative days 1, 2, 4, and 7. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) were measured more frequently perioperatively. Peak expiratory flow rate, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, and forced vital capacity were measured daily.

RESULTS: The IL-6 increase was more persistent and marked in the MC patients from hour 8 to day 7 postoperatively (P < 0.05). Alterations in CRP, AAT, and albumin were similar, Postoperative deficits of respiratory function correlated with the magnitude of acute phase protein alteration.

CONCLUSIONS: Minimal access surgery induces an acute phase response that is less prominent after a laparoscopic technique. (C) 1999 by Excerpta Medica, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-234
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume178
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • CHOLECYSTECTOMY
  • INCISION

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