Mitigation and quantification of greenhouse gas emissions in Mediterranean cropping systems

Alberto Sanz-Cobena, Luis Lassaletta, Josette Garnier, Pete Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Mediterranean climate, found in some regions between latitudes 30° and 45°, is characterized by having mild winters and warm and dry summers. Over one half of the area with Mediterranean-type climate worldwide is found in the Mediterranean Sea Basin, but it is also present in four other regions of the world namely California (USA), Central Chile, the Cape region of South Africa, and South-West Australia (Aschmann, 1973). Precipitation during the summer period, when highest temperatures occur, is scarce, and crop yields are boosted by irrigation more than in temperate areas (Wriedt et al., 2009). Climate models have forecast a rise in temperatures and severe water scarcity, with major impacts on crop yields (Bindi and Olesen, 2011 and Iglesias et al., 2011). In Mediterranean Europe, driven by climate change, annual precipitation has decreased whereas the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (e.g. droughts, floods) increased, thus enhancing land degradation processes and the risk of desertification (Diodato et al., 2011 and Garcia-Ruiz et al., 2011). The development of effective mitigation and adaptation strategies are therefore crucial for the future of the Mediterranean region. Additionally, the understanding of Mediterranean agroecosystems is also interesting in the context of increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation in many temperate areas (Trnka et al., 2011), which could lead to a process of “mediterraneization”. Indeed, climate models indicate that the Mediterranean climate range could expand by 15–32% in the Mediterranean basin and by 29–53% in South America (Klausmeyer and Shaw, 2009).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalAgriculture Ecosystems & Environment
Volume238
Early online date4 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

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Mediterranean climate
greenhouse gas emissions
cropping systems
cropping practice
greenhouse gas
mitigation
climate models
crop yield
basins
climate modeling
temperature
land degradation
desertification
water shortages
summer
agroecosystems
Mediterranean region
Mediterranean Sea
Chile
South Africa

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Mitigation and quantification of greenhouse gas emissions in Mediterranean cropping systems. / Sanz-Cobena, Alberto; Lassaletta, Luis ; Garnier, Josette; Smith, Pete.

In: Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 238, 01.02.2017, p. 1-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Sanz-Cobena, Alberto ; Lassaletta, Luis ; Garnier, Josette ; Smith, Pete. / Mitigation and quantification of greenhouse gas emissions in Mediterranean cropping systems. In: Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment. 2017 ; Vol. 238. pp. 1-4.
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abstract = "Mediterranean climate, found in some regions between latitudes 30° and 45°, is characterized by having mild winters and warm and dry summers. Over one half of the area with Mediterranean-type climate worldwide is found in the Mediterranean Sea Basin, but it is also present in four other regions of the world namely California (USA), Central Chile, the Cape region of South Africa, and South-West Australia (Aschmann, 1973). Precipitation during the summer period, when highest temperatures occur, is scarce, and crop yields are boosted by irrigation more than in temperate areas (Wriedt et al., 2009). Climate models have forecast a rise in temperatures and severe water scarcity, with major impacts on crop yields (Bindi and Olesen, 2011 and Iglesias et al., 2011). In Mediterranean Europe, driven by climate change, annual precipitation has decreased whereas the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (e.g. droughts, floods) increased, thus enhancing land degradation processes and the risk of desertification (Diodato et al., 2011 and Garcia-Ruiz et al., 2011). The development of effective mitigation and adaptation strategies are therefore crucial for the future of the Mediterranean region. Additionally, the understanding of Mediterranean agroecosystems is also interesting in the context of increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation in many temperate areas (Trnka et al., 2011), which could lead to a process of “mediterraneization”. Indeed, climate models indicate that the Mediterranean climate range could expand by 15–32{\%} in the Mediterranean basin and by 29–53{\%} in South America (Klausmeyer and Shaw, 2009).",
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N1 - The Editors of this special issue would like to acknowledge the authors of the manuscripts for their contributions, the reviewers for thorough revisions and the Editor in Chief, Prof. Juerg Fuhrer, Editor Dr. Surinder Saggar and managing editors Jia Yang for their advice during the editing process. Alberto Sanz-Cobena is grateful to the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and the Autonomous Community of Madrid for their economic support through Projects AGL2012-37815-CO5-01, the Agrisost Project S2013/ABI-2717 as well as the FACCE JPI MACSUR project. We acknowledge the members of the Scientific Network on GHG mitigation from the agroforestry sector in Spain (REMEDIA) for helpful suggestions and comments on the special issue and for providing a space for discussion and science development

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N2 - Mediterranean climate, found in some regions between latitudes 30° and 45°, is characterized by having mild winters and warm and dry summers. Over one half of the area with Mediterranean-type climate worldwide is found in the Mediterranean Sea Basin, but it is also present in four other regions of the world namely California (USA), Central Chile, the Cape region of South Africa, and South-West Australia (Aschmann, 1973). Precipitation during the summer period, when highest temperatures occur, is scarce, and crop yields are boosted by irrigation more than in temperate areas (Wriedt et al., 2009). Climate models have forecast a rise in temperatures and severe water scarcity, with major impacts on crop yields (Bindi and Olesen, 2011 and Iglesias et al., 2011). In Mediterranean Europe, driven by climate change, annual precipitation has decreased whereas the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (e.g. droughts, floods) increased, thus enhancing land degradation processes and the risk of desertification (Diodato et al., 2011 and Garcia-Ruiz et al., 2011). The development of effective mitigation and adaptation strategies are therefore crucial for the future of the Mediterranean region. Additionally, the understanding of Mediterranean agroecosystems is also interesting in the context of increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation in many temperate areas (Trnka et al., 2011), which could lead to a process of “mediterraneization”. Indeed, climate models indicate that the Mediterranean climate range could expand by 15–32% in the Mediterranean basin and by 29–53% in South America (Klausmeyer and Shaw, 2009).

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